Intellectual Forum

Serikali ya mpito au mbinu mpya ya kutaka kutawala?

Na Muhammad Yussuf

Lakini, nini hasa madhumuni ya kuwa na serikali ya mpito? Ni jambo la kawaida kabisa kuwa serikali ya mpito huasisiwa kila pale inapotokea migogoro ya kisiasa au hali ya dharura katika nchi. Hatuna haja ya kwenda mbali kujifunza mifano iliyo hai na iliyowahi kutokea ili kupata maana halisi ya serikali ya mpito. Kwa mfano, baada ya kujiuzulu kwa Alhaj Aboud Jumbe mnamo mwezi April 1984, Ali Hassan Mwinyi aliteuliwa na Halmashauri Kuu ya CCM kuziba pengo lililoachwa wazi na Jumbe na kuongoza Serikali ya mpito kwa muda wa karibu miezi mitatu hadi uchaguzi ulipofanyika na Mwinyi kuchaguliwa rasmi kama Rais wa Zanzibar na Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Mapinduzi. Endelea kusoma

Whither Union?

By Prof. Haroub Othman

By Prof. Haroub Othman

Since the 1920s the countries of East Africa, namely Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda and Zanzibar, had developed common services and joint institutions. Matters such as posts and telecommunications, harbours, railways and currency were run jointly. There was also a body to coordinate the development of Kiswahili. This, no doubt, was easy in view of the fact that all the four countries were neighbours and under one colonial power. The white settlers in Kenya had at one time pressed the British Government for a federation of the East African countries on the liens of that of Central Africa. But people in Tanganyika and Uganda feared that if that was to happen it would throw their countries into the hands of white supremacists in Kenya, in the same way that the peoples of Central Africa found themselves under the white supremacists of Southern Rhodesia at the time of the Central African Federation. And so this idea was opposed at the time. Read more

Unveiling Zanzibar’s unhealed wounds

Then, one day, my mother told me about the thousands of black slaves who had been captured in the hinterlands and brought to the island to be sold.
She took me to Bagamoyo, the slave port on the mainland: the word means “lay down your heart”. That trade went on from the Seventh Century until – it is claimed – the beginning of the 20th Century. Throughout early history, enslavement was common around the world, and East Africa was just one more lucrative location. Read more

Zanzibar yataka Nyerere mwengine

Baba wa Taifa la Tanzania , Mwalimu Julius Nyerere hakuwahi kuwa kipenzi kikubwa sana cha wananchi wa Zanzibar . Na hilo ni kwa sababu nyingi ambazo kwa ukweli au dhana walizihusisha nae. Kama ningeruhusiwa kuwasemea Wazanzibari nigethubutu kusema kuwa Nyerere hakuliliwa sana wakati alipofariki kama vile ambavyo watu hawakutaka kumfurahia wakati wa uhai wake. Soma zaidi

Counter-penetration strategy in the era of Obama

US President Barack Obama

US President Barack Obama

In my capacity as the Chancellor of Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), I recently had the occasion to make some observations that are easily applicable to all the East African universities. I noted with gratification that in its revised vision, my university has underscored its orientation towards global excellence. Globalisation is often technology driven, making it imperative for our institutions to realign themselves to the culture of technology. Indeed, globalisation has accelerated competition. It is therefore mandatory to note that it is those who are competitive, and can adjust to change, that will ultimately survive. Read more

Intellectual, ideology and change in Uganda

In Nyerere’s Tanzania, both the campus intellectuals and the political intellectuals were leftist, but the academicians were more leftist than Julius K. Nyerere. Marxism as a methodology of analysis dominated the legacy of Dar es Salaam, but Marxism as an ideology of development failed to deliver worldwide. As an ethic of distribution, it has continued to be attractive to all those who are appalled by the injustices of economic inequality and the gross inequities between the Haves and Have-nots in post-colonial Africa. Read more
Zanzibar to treat Mainlanders like foreigners

By Dr Mohamed Adam

By Dr Mohamed Adam

My 2 cents on this issue of land allocation in Zanzibar is only a simple matter of clarification. I am quite sure that the Zanzibar Government has competent officials to explain adequately the issues involved to the citizens they serve. In 1965, under the Government Land Decree of that year, all Zanzibar land was vested in the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar retrospectively from March 8, 1964. The decree, however, excluded existing rights and interest to improvement on land. This meant if you have a house or farm, they will not be under the Government’s jurisdiction unless confiscated as the situation. Read more

Poverty, inequality need home-grown solutions

Dr Vusi Gumede

Dr Vusi Gumede

However, in most (African) countries, the definitions of poverty are traditionally based on money-metric measures as reflected in adopted poverty lines. Many have been critical of this approach, arguing that poverty is a complex and a multidimensional socio-economic phenomenon (though how one accurately measures the multidimensional nature of poverty remains unresolved). Nanak Kakwani, among other leading scholars on these issues, has been doing important work in this area. Increasingly, Amartya Sen’s conceptualisation of poverty guides analyses and policy-making pertaining poverty. However, the human-capabilities approach that Sen provides us a framework for remains contested — what exactly are those critical capabilities and who determines them? Read more

Intellectuals and change in East Africa

Prof. Ali Mazrui

Prof. Ali Mazrui

Makerere’s contribution to the anti-colonial struggle included the early graduates who sometimes defied the British for ethno-cultural reasons and sometimes for Pan-Uganda patriotic reasons. Among the Pan-Ugandan nationalists was Apollo Obote, who adopted the additional name of “Milton” out of admiration for John Milton, the author of Paradise Lost. Obote was inspired by Satan’s indelible line in Milton’s poem: “Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven.” Read more

Just who is to blame over the Z’bar PVR mess?

Mohammed Khelef Ghassany

Mohammed Khelef Ghassany

The exercise of registering voters in the Permanent Voter Registrar (PVR) in Pemba has been brought to a standstill for more than two weeks now. It could be too early to say when it would resume as the situation is still at shaky. However, there is one fact on the drawing board: in spite of its necessity to the democratization process, the exercise that prohibits a good number of citizens from participating in their civil and democratic rights can not be called democratic. Read more





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