7 03 2011

Salmin’s children, others to be evacuated from Libya Send to a friend

Saturday, 26 February 2011 22:33

By Edward Qorro, The Citizen Reporter

Two children of the former President of Zanzibar, Dr. Salmin Amour, are among eight Tanzanians to be evacuated from Tripoli Libya after the Kenya Airways flight had been cleared to land and take off by Libyan authorities.
Flight KQ 1322 was yesterday cleared by the Libya Civil Aviation Authority to fly into Tripoli, after an initial delay in Cairo due to flight logistics, according to a statement from the national carrier. However, it is expected to jet in this morning.
Speaking to The Citizen on Sunday yesterday, the information officer with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations, Mr Asa Mwambene said the plane was earlier denied access into Libya, hence the delay in conducting the evacuation.
“Children of Dr. Salmin are among the eight Tanzanians stranded in Tripoli, but they will board the Kenyan flight to return home,” he said.
Apart from the Tanzanians, the Kenyan flight is expected to evacuate citizens of Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Southern Sudan, Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Lesotho and South Africa stranded in Libya, this paper has learnt.
Yesterday, Kenya Airways Managing Director, Mr. Titus Naikuni confirmed that the airline had deployed a charter flight following a request by the country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

THE CITIZEN
Libya





Why we are poor?

7 03 2011

By Ambassador Ali Karume

Why we are poor?

A very catchy title that begs a plethora of answers, is quite poignant and curtly interrogative, but a more apt title should have been WHY WE ARE POOR. We need analytical answers as to why we are quagmired in the cesspool of poverty rather than be challenged as to why we belong at the bottom of the lower level equilibrium trap. We need helpful answers as opposed to helpless questions.

When a student of english literature was asked what was the story of Moby Dick all about, his answer was, Its about a Whale. In that vein, I am tempted to proffer the briefest answers to the question. We are poor because we are not rich. We are poor because we choose to be poor. We are poor because we are ignorant of a better social status, and ignorance is bliss. Those answers, however, will not serve the purpose and will not do justice to the questioner.

The We, in this particular context, is not the royal we, and I assume it pertains to a citizenry of a poor country. Should that be the case, then it should follow that we are talking about a group of people residing in a poverty ridden setting. A strong caveat will be to avoid definitional pitfalls. We should agree therefore, that we are dealing with poor as in poverty, rather than poor as in lacking physical or mental quotients or attributes.

Perhaps the poorest country, based on per capita income, is Bangladesh. And the richest country, based on the same tenets, is Luxembourg. Now, here is where the We comes into play. There are some people in Bangladesh who are richer than some people in Luxembourg and the Bangladesh GDP can rival that of Luxembourg. Overall, a resident of Luxembourg is richer.

The best way of answering the question, in my view, is to determine the socio-economic status of an individual in any given society. We do not have to determine why someone is rich, that we will leave for another day. We should, however, try to determine why someone is poor. We can start by segmenting poverty into traditional and modern poverty. The former arises from lack of resources-imputs, while the latter arises from the lack of income-output. Traditionally, we would need resources like land, labour and capital and turn those resources into inputs. The output will then be inversely proportional to the inputs, and the surplus production can be regarded as contributing to wealth and a departure from poverty.

Let us challenge the paradigm of income poverty. The post industrial age relies on income to create wealth. If you have a high enough income, you can take care of your basic needs and save the rest of the income-money in a bank, buy bonds or dabble in stocks. Fair enough, once you reach that status, you can say farewell to poverty as it encroaches on others. To avoid the bagger thy neighbor attitude, you can tell your neighbor, I got mine, now you go and get yours. And I can bet that you will not be neighbors for too long.

Fair enough, but what do they do with your savings in the bank, bonds, stocks, derivatives etc. It is loaned as capital and you will get a fair return which will keep you out of the poor ranks for as long as you do not live lavishly and exhaust those resources. Always remember that the gates to poverty will always beckon and harken you back, because poverty loves company. Now it is time for another brief answer to the question. We are poor because we have no money. A World Bank researcher visited a poor country and asked a poor man what the Bank can do to take him out of poverty. His answer was very simple. Since you are The World Bank, just give me a lot of money.

Most of the poor communities are not post industrial as most of them are not even industrialized. The modern poverty paradigm will not apply here, as wage earning employment does not exist and we need to interpolate the traditional income paradigm. A man, and this includes a woman in the biblical sense, needs to feed himself and since he cannot go to the Supermarket for lack of a wage based income, he has to till the land. But first he has to acquire the land, and if he gets a lot of it, he will take himself out of poverty by cultivating food as well as cash crops and lease the rest of the land to other producers. As you must have realized, traditional wealth comes from owning land. Will Rogers said, acquire a lot of land because God does not make that stuff anymore. As if God was ever in the real estate business.

The landowners, landed gentry, gentleman farmers, that was the beginning of the acquisition of resources. Remember Adam and Eve, and the garden of eden. Land, land, land ruled the day. Slave labour, sharecropping, serfdom, fiefdom, all were underpinned by working the land. Call that land a piece of ground, and I will assure you that, you will never get out of poverty if you have no ground to stand on. Land, labour and capital, why do you think land starts first. Food comes from land, houses, factories, buildings, infrastructure and all the backbones of a modern economy need to be supported by land. Why are we poor-can we own land and how much do we have of that stuff will determine whether we are rich or poor.

Labour comes next, but if you ask me, I will vouch that Land and Labour should share the first spot. The combination of the two as inputs will yield outputs whose surplus will account for Capital. Before we leave the land and jump to labour, we should hasten to note that the quality of the land also matters as does the quality of labour and capital. Arable land commands more value because you need a lesser quantity of it, and less labour as inputs to yield a higher output. A desert will not be of much help unless you discover oil or maybe an oasis. Yield per acre, that should say it all. But then you should not forget inputs to make the land more productive with the use of fertilizers, skilled labour and capital goods like tractors and other implements, not to forget Research. When President Nyerere met Reagan in Cancun, Reagan offered two farmers from Kansas to help Tanzania feed its people. Nyerere asked, why two, to which Reagan replied, one to think and the other to plough the land.

Labour, skilled labour, is what we are talking about. At the end of the day, we have to look at productivity. A more productive labour force will yield more input, and remember that the output is inversely proportional to the input and the output will increase with more productivity. You can eke a living by your labour and still be below the poverty line, or you can horn your skills, be more productive and get yourself out of poverty. That, however, takes a good education and a good education costs a lot of money-capital. And if you think education is very expensive, try ignorance. At the end of the road ignorance is never bliss. Education, education, education, that means primary, secondary and tertiary which will also include polytechnics. American prosperity started with the State Universities especially the A and M. Agricultural and Mechanical. At the turn of the last century, 32% of the American labour force was engaged in agriculture, today, only 3 or 4%. That released a lot of skilled workforce to engage in other productive labour in investments rather than consumption, and the growth in the service Industry. Translation, Jobs, wages and the reduction in Income poverty. However, the trick with education is that it should be valued by the community. Otherwise, no rational actor will invest in human resources development if employment is not based on merit. The public sector should value it by employing skilled public servants who are very productive. The same can be said about the private sector, if they want to be productive and competitive.

I have explained at length as to how capital is accumulated. It is surplus output that is not consumed but is saved for capital formation. Foreign capital investment can help, but you need home grown capital to sustain a viable economy. The difference between GDP and GNP is basically what is produced domestically including foreign investments less what the country produces abroad and what is produced at home plus investments abroad less foreign production at home respectively. We rely on GDP to calculate the per capita income and on the GNP to calculate the wealth of a Nation. Do not bother about how the nation fares in GNP, just grab a job even with a foreign company and lessen your income poverty. We cannot talk about skilled labour without talking about Leadership. In both the public and private sector, leadership needs skill and experience. Skill is more important because it is usually acquired from higher institutions of learning where they research the information before imparting or disseminating it, and information is power. The drawback of experience is that some operators do the same thing the same way, all the while hoping and praying that they will get better results. Good leaders and captains of Industry eschew that approach.

You are right in thinking that you do not have to take my route in taking yourself or your community out of poverty. Yes, there are other options like chancing an oil gusher, gas deposits or fancy and expensive minerals. I should remind you that in building a modern economy, you should not leave anything to chance, that is the stuff of fairy tales. The second largest economy in the world, until yesterday, was Japan and they do not produce a drop of oil let alone valuable natural resources. Most of their economy was built on skilled labour and even the Chinese, who have supposedly the second biggest economy in the world, owe much of their economic growth to both skilled and unskilled labour. The Chinese have tied the Japanese in the size of their economies, but for every Japanese there are ten Chinese. Translation, the per capita income of a Japanese is ten times that of a Chinese. This goes to say that a community must monitor its population growth, the Chinese have done a good job at that. For an individual, it is important to watch the size of the family. You can prospect for oil, gas and exotic minerals like uranium, all that can be translated into foreign exchange that will improve the value of the local currency which is the basis of local capital accumulation. A stable currency that is convertible can avert the lingering scourge of imported inflation and support measures at taming general inflation. But all the natural resources or the size of the Sovereign Wealth Fund will depend on the size of the population. Norway and Singapore have more SWF per capita than China.

In conclusion, it is safe to postulate that productive land, skilled labour and a lot of valuable capital should start you well in getting your community out of poverty. As for yourself, try to acquire one or all of the three factors that I mentioned. If you are only good at focusing at one item at a time, start with human resources development, invest in yourself and make sure you are marketable. Start with being a salary man to get yourself out of poverty. Should you consume less and save more, look at investment opportunity. That will not only shield you from poverty, but it could get you on your way to economic prosperity. And once you are there, avoid the crab syndrome and help pull some people out of poverty.

Reading my piece as a response to ways and means of combatting poverty will not in any way cure your affliction if you are already poor. But, if you read it carefully, it will help you avert one factor that contributes to chaining poor people to their affliction. It is called POOR JUDGEMENT. Avoid it.





Why we are poor?

7 03 2011

By Ambassador Ali Karume

Why we are poor?

A very catchy title that begs a plethora of answers, is quite poignant and curtly interrogative, but a more apt title should have been WHY WE ARE POOR. We need analytical answers as to why we are quagmired in the cesspool of poverty rather than be challenged as to why we belong at the bottom of the lower level equilibrium trap. We need helpful answers as opposed to helpless questions.

When a student of english literature was asked what was the story of Moby Dick all about, his answer was, Its about a Whale. In that vein, I am tempted to proffer the briefest answers to the question. We are poor because we are not rich. We are poor because we choose to be poor. We are poor because we are ignorant of a better social status, and ignorance is bliss. Those answers, however, will not serve the purpose and will not do justice to the questioner.

The We, in this particular context, is not the royal we, and I assume it pertains to a citizenry of a poor country. Should that be the case, then it should follow that we are talking about a group of people residing in a poverty ridden setting. A strong caveat will be to avoid definitional pitfalls. We should agree therefore, that we are dealing with poor as in poverty, rather than poor as in lacking physical or mental quotients or attributes.

Perhaps the poorest country, based on per capita income, is Bangladesh. And the richest country, based on the same tenets, is Luxembourg. Now, here is where the We comes into play. There are some people in Bangladesh who are richer than some people in Luxembourg and the Bangladesh GDP can rival that of Luxembourg. Overall, a resident of Luxembourg is richer.

The best way of answering the question, in my view, is to determine the socio-economic status of an individual in any given society. We do not have to determine why someone is rich, that we will leave for another day. We should, however, try to determine why someone is poor. We can start by segmenting poverty into traditional and modern poverty. The former arises from lack of resources-imputs, while the latter arises from the lack of income-output. Traditionally, we would need resources like land, labour and capital and turn those resources into inputs. The output will then be inversely proportional to the inputs, and the surplus production can be regarded as contributing to wealth and a departure from poverty.

Let us challenge the paradigm of income poverty. The post industrial age relies on income to create wealth. If you have a high enough income, you can take care of your basic needs and save the rest of the income-money in a bank, buy bonds or dabble in stocks. Fair enough, once you reach that status, you can say farewell to poverty as it encroaches on others. To avoid the bagger thy neighbor attitude, you can tell your neighbor, I got mine, now you go and get yours. And I can bet that you will not be neighbors for too long.

Fair enough, but what do they do with your savings in the bank, bonds, stocks, derivatives etc. It is loaned as capital and you will get a fair return which will keep you out of the poor ranks for as long as you do not live lavishly and exhaust those resources. Always remember that the gates to poverty will always beckon and harken you back, because poverty loves company. Now it is time for another brief answer to the question. We are poor because we have no money. A World Bank researcher visited a poor country and asked a poor man what the Bank can do to take him out of poverty. His answer was very simple. Since you are The World Bank, just give me a lot of money.

Most of the poor communities are not post industrial as most of them are not even industrialized. The modern poverty paradigm will not apply here, as wage earning employment does not exist and we need to interpolate the traditional income paradigm. A man, and this includes a woman in the biblical sense, needs to feed himself and since he cannot go to the Supermarket for lack of a wage based income, he has to till the land. But first he has to acquire the land, and if he gets a lot of it, he will take himself out of poverty by cultivating food as well as cash crops and lease the rest of the land to other producers. As you must have realized, traditional wealth comes from owning land. Will Rogers said, acquire a lot of land because God does not make that stuff anymore. As if God was ever in the real estate business.

The landowners, landed gentry, gentleman farmers, that was the beginning of the acquisition of resources. Remember Adam and Eve, and the garden of eden. Land, land, land ruled the day. Slave labour, sharecropping, serfdom, fiefdom, all were underpinned by working the land. Call that land a piece of ground, and I will assure you that, you will never get out of poverty if you have no ground to stand on. Land, labour and capital, why do you think land starts first. Food comes from land, houses, factories, buildings, infrastructure and all the backbones of a modern economy need to be supported by land. Why are we poor-can we own land and how much do we have of that stuff will determine whether we are rich or poor.

Labour comes next, but if you ask me, I will vouch that Land and Labour should share the first spot. The combination of the two as inputs will yield outputs whose surplus will account for Capital. Before we leave the land and jump to labour, we should hasten to note that the quality of the land also matters as does the quality of labour and capital. Arable land commands more value because you need a lesser quantity of it, and less labour as inputs to yield a higher output. A desert will not be of much help unless you discover oil or maybe an oasis. Yield per acre, that should say it all. But then you should not forget inputs to make the land more productive with the use of fertilizers, skilled labour and capital goods like tractors and other implements, not to forget Research. When President Nyerere met Reagan in Cancun, Reagan offered two farmers from Kansas to help Tanzania feed its people. Nyerere asked, why two, to which Reagan replied, one to think and the other to plough the land.

Labour, skilled labour, is what we are talking about. At the end of the day, we have to look at productivity. A more productive labour force will yield more input, and remember that the output is inversely proportional to the input and the output will increase with more productivity. You can eke a living by your labour and still be below the poverty line, or you can horn your skills, be more productive and get yourself out of poverty. That, however, takes a good education and a good education costs a lot of money-capital. And if you think education is very expensive, try ignorance. At the end of the road ignorance is never bliss. Education, education, education, that means primary, secondary and tertiary which will also include polytechnics. American prosperity started with the State Universities especially the A and M. Agricultural and Mechanical. At the turn of the last century, 32% of the American labour force was engaged in agriculture, today, only 3 or 4%. That released a lot of skilled workforce to engage in other productive labour in investments rather than consumption, and the growth in the service Industry. Translation, Jobs, wages and the reduction in Income poverty. However, the trick with education is that it should be valued by the community. Otherwise, no rational actor will invest in human resources development if employment is not based on merit. The public sector should value it by employing skilled public servants who are very productive. The same can be said about the private sector, if they want to be productive and competitive.

I have explained at length as to how capital is accumulated. It is surplus output that is not consumed but is saved for capital formation. Foreign capital investment can help, but you need home grown capital to sustain a viable economy. The difference between GDP and GNP is basically what is produced domestically including foreign investments less what the country produces abroad and what is produced at home plus investments abroad less foreign production at home respectively. We rely on GDP to calculate the per capita income and on the GNP to calculate the wealth of a Nation. Do not bother about how the nation fares in GNP, just grab a job even with a foreign company and lessen your income poverty. We cannot talk about skilled labour without talking about Leadership. In both the public and private sector, leadership needs skill and experience. Skill is more important because it is usually acquired from higher institutions of learning where they research the information before imparting or disseminating it, and information is power. The drawback of experience is that some operators do the same thing the same way, all the while hoping and praying that they will get better results. Good leaders and captains of Industry eschew that approach.

You are right in thinking that you do not have to take my route in taking yourself or your community out of poverty. Yes, there are other options like chancing an oil gusher, gas deposits or fancy and expensive minerals. I should remind you that in building a modern economy, you should not leave anything to chance, that is the stuff of fairy tales. The second largest economy in the world, until yesterday, was Japan and they do not produce a drop of oil let alone valuable natural resources. Most of their economy was built on skilled labour and even the Chinese, who have supposedly the second biggest economy in the world, owe much of their economic growth to both skilled and unskilled labour. The Chinese have tied the Japanese in the size of their economies, but for every Japanese there are ten Chinese. Translation, the per capita income of a Japanese is ten times that of a Chinese. This goes to say that a community must monitor its population growth, the Chinese have done a good job at that. For an individual, it is important to watch the size of the family. You can prospect for oil, gas and exotic minerals like uranium, all that can be translated into foreign exchange that will improve the value of the local currency which is the basis of local capital accumulation. A stable currency that is convertible can avert the lingering scourge of imported inflation and support measures at taming general inflation. But all the natural resources or the size of the Sovereign Wealth Fund will depend on the size of the population. Norway and Singapore have more SWF per capita than China.

In conclusion, it is safe to postulate that productive land, skilled labour and a lot of valuable capital should start you well in getting your community out of poverty. As for yourself, try to acquire one or all of the three factors that I mentioned. If you are only good at focusing at one item at a time, start with human resources development, invest in yourself and make sure you are marketable. Start with being a salary man to get yourself out of poverty. Should you consume less and save more, look at investment opportunity. That will not only shield you from poverty, but it could get you on your way to economic prosperity. And once you are there, avoid the crab syndrome and help pull some people out of poverty.

Reading my piece as a response to ways and means of combatting poverty will not in any way cure your affliction if you are already poor. But, if you read it carefully, it will help you avert one factor that contributes to chaining poor people to their affliction. It is called POOR JUDGEMENT. Avoid it.

Zanzibar Diaspora

By Zeyana A. Hamid

I have an idea and may fail to present it quite clearly; but please be patient with me and read with real understanding of the real Zanzibaris back home. I am not sure if it is the same occasion in the facebook page Zanzibar Fund Raising Reunion July 2012 in Zanzibar; however, I will try to share my suggestion just as what I was planning to post in that wall too.

This event is for development; and so far we are hopeful of its huge success based on the charisma of the people who are working on it and supporting it. Even if people are into this because of patriotism and love we all share for Zanzibar, the fun behind the activities planned carry an important role too.

So, in order to represent everybody in this activity instead of turning it to be just the academicians and just entertainment, some religious component seems to be missing; and as much as it may sound boring and probably not what is needed here, I have reasons to share this with everybody in the preparation committee.

As much as we feel we just need to collect money and help people (through concerts and so on) people are easy to contribute because they are having fun in it, people can too contribute through their religious institutions and through charity. The money collected through fundraising is meant to solve problems in Zanzibar, but the problem of social ills, drug, childhood prostitution, ethics in workplaces and corruption, poverty, assisting the sick in treatment plans, lack of systems to feed the hungry, can all be approached from the religious perspectives; and there are plenty of people who can afford to share their property for the sake of God, we just lack organisation.

If we launch religious program of assisting social groups, this will be more sustainable instead of the one time events of entertainment. This network can be all spread in the Islands.

My last reason pins down the very nature of Zanzibar people; religion is an identity at some point, there are people who can be both religious and the opposite at the same time, which I understand they can fit in in this event from one way to other in different extents; but there are those who are exclusively religious, and would not do anything else unless it has a religion component (and this is not necessarilily one religion) and I am concerned about this later group. Some of these people are great project writers, great planners, great givers and not just what we can get from them, but they will get an opportunity to be represented in this thing too right? A number of them are established in UK, USA and Canada, and guess what, they do get to come down to Zanzibar just like everybody else, but lacking an activity that they could perticipate; we might loose a big number of them and I do not think that is what we want, we need to include every person possible.

I worked in ZIFF at a certain point in my life, and the perception it created was more of a Music Festival that Filming which was a bigger component; other things were happening too with women development, children Panorama, finding the talents of young Zanzibaris and promoting them and so on. All these were great things; but ZIFF was finger pointed like other music festivals for being the number one reason why Zanzibar young generation got so spoilt in the past decade and half since its inception.

I am sure this is not the kind of picture we want to paint for this occassion, like “there they go, another ZIFF, they live abroad, they come here in June-July with their spoiled kids and the whole town is behaving like them, and when they leave they have changed the entire trend of youngsters in the Isles”; trust me these are the very arguments we hear in our homes and people are so poor, and their sons and daughters are slipping in their control for so many reasons, but they cant help blaming the new June-July culture in Zanzibar Town. And trully when we live we come back to our resident countries leaving them with bitterness of them being in poverty and bitterness of the Wannabe their own children become.

Well, if anyone feels -thats their problem we just there to find money however easy it may be for us to help them- it makes sense, but also if we wanna do something for Zanzibaris, we have to address the cultural and religious dimention to calm the crazy trend that is going on back home, circled by poverty and hopelessness for the young generation.

I dont want to sound like I act like its too simple to plan such a big occassion, I know it is not easy, its a pain, I was raised in the house that planned the first two Music Festivals in Zanzibar 1994-1996, and I saw my dad, and eventually my mom getting involved in it, so I am not underestimating any of the efforts its just that, if you think this is possible to do we should help get more people on board who will be responsible for “maadili” department and see how we can take it from there.

Lets blow our horns hard, there is every reason this thing to get funded seriously from embasy to international organisations, especially now that the political face is so harmonious, lets think about also representing not just madrassas, but also public schools, and youth clubs. things that will buy the impressions of the poor parents with the real socioeconomic problems.

I will want someday want to work on a scholarship fare, and letter on have an organisation of people who got funded in their lives at one point or the other, to pay back to the community by searching and promoting high school students to seek for study opportunities, I am trying to think how will I manage to start. Well thank you for welcoming suggestion, if I messed up and wrote too much then that thats your fault, if not, than I am glad..🙂





Zanzibar Institute for Social Research:

21 04 2010

Dr Ahmed Gurnah

Dr. Ahmed Gurnah
Department of Education
Sheffield City Council

Paper presented to the International Conference on
The History & Culture of Zanzibar,
Zanzibar, 14-16 December, 1992.

Zanzibar Institute for Social Research (ZISR): Zanzibar Institute for Social Research
A Proposal

Introduction

The need to have an Institute in Zanzibar has become overwhelming, for Zanzibar is a country with long involved history, and mature culture. It had from centuries back developed subtle class hierarchies and political organizations through the proceeds of local and international, trade, stable agriculture, and small scale related industries. It had champions the development of Kiswahili, innovative architecture and a unique population.

From the 1964 Revolution, the balance of all of these was changed dramatically. Not least, the revolution announced the introduction of political and economic system that more directly addressed the majority of citizens. But for the people, the state, its bureau, the party, or individual, achieves their aspirations, it become even more necessary to failure monitored. There is therefore, an overwhelming need that old ideas be reviewed and new, local and relevant ones be developed through research. ZISR will provide a framework for such work.

Recent changes and work Implications.

In the last years Zanzibar has experienced considerable changes in the following areas:

Economic infrastructure employment and production patterns;
Political system and social administration;
Class hierarchies development and legitimation;
Social and ethnic patterns, settlement and accommodation;
Culture pattern, production and expression;
Educational aspirations and modes of delivery;
Housing need, ownership building, planning and administration;
Linguistic development and transformation;
Population patterns and profiles;
Land tenure, ownership, use and cultivation;
Marketing and distribution of produce;
Emigration and immigration policies;
Leisure industries and take up;
People’s aspirations and ideas
And yet few of these change have been studied systematically or have had their consequence evaluated. There is little doubt, however, that these changes have themselves had a significant impact on people’s standard and quality of life and have
set limits to them and the themselves had a significant impact on people ‘s standard and quality of life and have set limits to them and the state’s ability to mange its internal and external affairs.

The absence of reliable scientific information on inflation, employment and production patterns, parallel economy, for example, are all factors which reduce the states ability to control or improve the economy. The same can be said about production psychology, trade, education, health and so on. The absence of scientific information and appropriate action in turn makes people despair or cynical and renders the task of improving their lives that much more difficult.

Why have an Institute?

In general terms, unless the people themselves understand and articulate there needs scientifically, they will be in no position to improve their situation or insist that the state responds to those systematically. This information is not just political and administrative, but sociological. The task of this research is not to define political objectives for the state or oversee administrative processes, but to clarify confusions, obviate inconsistencies, and stimulate new ideas for the benefit of the public and elected politicians: to gather data and develop analyses for democracy and effective government.

Social research helps to the limits and establishes a framework for what is possible and desirable and then it is up to the people and state to decide. Research also points to alternative models, cheaper ones, more complex or simpler ones, most importantly, relevantly, relevant ones. Furthermore, unlike politicians and administrators who have to respond to immediate pressures, social analysts who have space to see problems to their logical conclusions? They have the time to examine the history and context of problems to the good ones the opportunity to come up with appropriate solution.

The Institute, therefore, can be justified on strategic, educational, political and pragmatic grounds, to serve and the state to serve people in the promotion of democracy and responsibility:

(a) Assist in the Nation’s strategic planning.

The partnership between the state and people works when it is based on goodwill, sound data, a confident population and a strategic approach to governances. Their fore, some of the state’s planning needs can be met by the Institute:

(i) Production data to
Provide politicians and administrations with reliable information for decision making.
Improve targeting of resources and avoid wastage.
Give the state greater control of its physical and people resources the service of people.
Generate fairer criteria for use of public resource.
Assist the state to meet its responsibilities above;

Analyzing Need and Research Appropriate Responses.

Analysis the most effective and economic use of public resources.
Develop long term planning and ensure a tight relationship between policy, and feed back on delivery.
Gather data which anticipates future problems and how to deal with them.
Develop a shared understanding of what is sought.
Research on private sector practices and conduct;

(iii) Evaluation and Monitoring.

Asses mass response to government policies and function as one of the “think tanks” for the state.
Identify clear objectives and targets for government programmers.
Evaluate general effectiveness of public programmers.
Monitor progress and identify blockages
Prepare for the next planning process and appropriate response to public criticisms.
Education and Training:

The existence of the institute will make an important contribution towards the development of Education and training in Zanzibar.
Body of knowledge will be created by the production of analyses and record of important events.
Relevant educational, social, analytical and local material for school and colleges to use.
Publication and organization of seminars for the discussion and assessment of this material.
Context for links with Tanzania and International academic community:

Opportunity for learning will be increased

Provide possibility for further training for Zanzibar graduates and save money send them abroad.
Attract funding from abroad to improve education.
Provide a context for civil servants, teachers and other professional to carry out useful concrete research and improve their own leaning.

Create a sense of responsibility and a curiosity to find out.
Develop high level local expertise presently very scarce.
Develop a focus of education activities which in the future can provide a nucleus for a post graduate institute and university college.
A context for initiating and managing important social debates.

Democracy, progress and independence

Nationwide discussion of objectives which may be stimulated by the Institute will contribute towards the development of the democratic process.

People Power.

It will increase knowledge and improve data upon which honest debates are based.
Increase mass participation in informed social and political decisions.
Reduce slight of hand dismissal of public concern of absence of scientific data.
Maximize social, political communication within Zanzibar and with the world outside;

Independence from and a constructive Relative Relationship with outside Experts

While it is important to have contact and exchange ideas with experts from abroad, it is also crucial that Zanzibar have the ability to make independent judgment. The institute will, therefore, provide a context for:
A critical check on experts from abroad, many of whom know very little about the local conditions but have a lot to offer in general and comparative terms.
Equalize Zanzibar relations with them and generate a productive dialogue.
Have standards from which to assess other contributions and advice;

Challenge to prejudice

The enlightened work which will emerge from the institute can factually help challenge long term prejudices and create the climate for progressive action with regard to:
Regional group’s e. g Wapemba, country folk.
Woman and other social groups.
Greater knowledge will in no doubt improve inter group understanding and increase opportunities for resolving some of the hostilities.

Focus of Talent.
The setting up of the Institute will focus local and outside talent for the benefit of Zanzibar.

Local talent can be pulled together as described under Education and Training.

Zanzibaris Abroad

In the last 30 years many Zanzibar’s have developed professional careers abroad in Europe, North America and other Third World countries. Some of them have reached senior positions in their careers and carry a lot of experience and knowledge which can be of great benefit to their country of origin.

Furthermore, the majority still views Zanzibar with warmth and wish to make a contribution through their social scientific, health, educational, technological expertise etc. The shot term visits or research work probably at no cost to Zanzibar by raising funding through their own institutes.

Other Researchers from Abroad

Many academics, especially from Europe and America, would be interested in researching some aspects of Zanzibar. While the information gathered would be published to advance their careers, it would also be available to Zanzibaris. I have discussed this possibility already with some academics in British universities, and they gave clear and strong indication of their interest to participate.

Approach

The approach of the Institute has to be scientific, aiming to assist and not interfere with or distaste on the should perhaps be on social policy and concrete empirical research. Theoretical work, at this early stage, should be about improving research methods and concrete analysis. May be a latter stage of the Institutes development, it can widen its remit to purely academic research.

If government appoints a Director, one resident researcher and an administrator, this will provide a nucleus for the Institute’s activities;

Subsequently, the Institute can be run and grow initially at no additional coast to the state through short term secondments from various government departments. The resident staff can assist the seconded from civil service and teaching Institutions.
Arrangements could be made to accredit their work at Dar-es-salaam University via unit accreditation and accreditation of prior learning, to build up to postgraduate qualifications.

As previously suggested, a lot of work could also be done through seminars, work shop, short courses, day conferences, in habitation and so on. Some of this work could also be accredited to build up towards an undergraduate degree or as part of residential work for an external degree programme with

Dar-es-salaam University or other university abroad. Outside researchers could be invited on a regular basis, bringing their own financing, to carry out research which can be carefully negotiated with them.

Finance

The Government need only seek initial finance for the director, one researcher and administrative support. Money for this could be sought for the first 2 years from various sources.

Tanzanian Government.
Dar es salaam University and other East African Universities.
Various International Research Agencies.
Various International charities, if targeted at issue that interest them e. g poverty, malnutrition, heath, children and so on.
Displacement of costs to Zanzibar government departments, which commission research abroad.
United Nations and the European commission.

A comment

If well managed, the development will be a success but will take many years. This should not be viewed as a disadvantage, for it will allow the project to develop organically and systematically. Its success will depend on its productivity and independence.

The Institute cannot, therefore, be treated simply as a government department. But since its key task is to serve the state and the people, it must be made properly accountable to both. That can easily be achieved by setting up an independent governing body which supports and directs the work of the Institute. On this body their can be representative from the school Board, local college staff, Dar-es-salaam University, the government, the Party etc.
Therefore, for the Institute to be genuinely successful and achieve the programme laid out, it also needs to be given space and time to develop and mature without too much daily interference from established vested interests.





Kutana na Chaap: “Tiger Woods” wa Zanzibar

25 02 2010

Na Talib Kassim Abdi

Kitu gani kilichomfanya Issa Mohammed Faki Mjaka akurubiane au awe na mawasiliano ya karibu na Wakoloni wa Kiingereza kama vile waliokuwa British Resident Sir George Mooring, Kamishna wa Polisi Biles, Kamishna wa Magereza Francis, Jaji Mkuu Horstfall, Jaji Mwandamizi Dulton, na Kamishna Mkuu wa Idara ya Upelelezi Speight katika serikali ya Kikoloni kabla ya Uhuru wa Zanzibar mnamo mwaka 1963 na Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar ya mwaka 1964?

Jibu la suala hili ni rahisi kabisa kupatikana. Issa Mohammed Mjaka, ambaye ni maarufu kwa jina la Chaap, kama ilivyokuwa kwa watoto wengi wa rika lake waliokuwa wakiishi Kikwajuni, Mjini Zanzibar, katika miaka ya 1950 na 1960, alikuwa ni mmoja miongoni mwa vijana waliokuwa wakiwabebea Wakoloni hao mikoba yao iliyojaa vingowe vya kuchezea mmoja kati ya michezo maarufu duniani unaojuulikana kama ”Golf”. Vijana hawa walikuwa wakijuulikana kama ”Keddies”; kibarua ambacho kiliwapatia vijisenti kidogo vya kuwawezesha kukimu hali ngumu ya maisha wakati huo.

Issa Mohammed Faki Mjaka 'Chaap'

Wakati ule, kedi alikuwa analipwa jumla ya senti 75 kwa mzunguko mmoja wa vishimo 9; na alilipwa senti 75 nyingine kwa mzunguko mwengine wa vishimo 9. Hivyo, baada ya kumaliza mzunguko wa jumla ya vishimo 18 na muda wa karibu masaa mawili hivi, i.e. kuanzia saa 10.00 jioni hadi saa 12.00 jioni, kedi anamaliza kazi na kurudi nyumbani akiwa na jumla ya Shilingi moja unusu mfukoni. Hizo zilikuwa ni fedha nyingi sana siku hizo ukilinganisha na ukweli kuwa kiwango cha chini cha mshahara wa mfanya kazi serikalini wakati huo kilikuwa si zaidi ya shilingi 50.00 kwa mwezi. Na ndio maana vijana wengi wa Kikwajuni waliweza sio tu kukabiliana na hali ngumu ya maisha iliyokuwa ikiwakumba wao binafsi, lakini, vile vile waliweza kusaidia familia zao kwa kiasi fulani badala ya kutegemea kila kitu kutoka kwa wazee wao.

Ni nani hasa Chaap; alizaliwa wapi, lini na anafanya nini hivi sasa katika maisha yake?

Issa Mohammed Faki Mjaka ”Chaap” alizaliwa tarehe 10 Julai 1951 katika mtaa wa Kikwajuni. Alikuwa mtoto wa pili katika familia ya watoto saba (ikiwa wanaume watano na wanawake wawili) wa Bwana Mohammed Faki Mjaka na Bibi Mwantatu Issa Khamis. Alipata elimu ya msingi katika Skuli ya Msingi ya Holmwood (sasa Kidongo-Chekundu) kuanzia mwaka 1958 hadi mwaka 1966. Alimaliza masomo ya kidatu cha tatu katika Skuli ya Bububu. Alijiunga na Chuo cha Ufundi hapo Gulioni na kupata Shahada ya Ufundi wa Umeme. Mnamo mwaka 1976, Chaap aliajiriwa na Idara ya Habari na Utangazaji, Zanzibar kama Fundi wa Umeme.

'Chaap' akiwa katika mazoezi kwenye viwanja vya Golf, Maisara, mjini Zanzibar

Mnamo mwaka 1989 Issa Mohammed Chaap alibahatika kuhudhuria mafunzo ya Uenezi wa Habari katika Chuo cha Radio ya Cairo nchini Misri kwa muda wa miezi sita. Kutokana na kupenda kwake michezo, hasa mwanzoni mchezo wa Tennis, mnamo mwaka 1992, Chaap alipata fursa nyingine ya kuhudhuria masomo ya ukufunzi katika “University of Physical Education kama mwalimu “kocha” wa Tennis ya Meza (Table Tennis) huko Budapest nchini Hungary.

Mnamo mwaka 1995, Chaap alipata nafasi ya kushiriki katika mafunzo ya ukufunzi wa Tennis yaliyofadhiliwa na International Olympic Committee (IOC) yaliyofanyika Dar es Salaam katika viwanja vya Gymkhana. Vile vile, Chaap aliwahi kushiriki katika mafunzo kama hayo yaliyofanyika Arusha katika viwanja vya Gymkhana mwaka 2001. Lakini, ni katika mchezo wa Golf ambapo Chaap alipoonyesha kipaji chake na kupata mafinikio makubwa pamoja na umaarufu ndani na nje ya Zanzibar. Kutokana na umahiri mkubwa aliouonyesha katika michezo ya Tennis na Golf, Mwalimu wake wa kwanza aliyejuulikana kwa jina la Shashi alimuelezea Issa kama ni mchezaji “sharp” kwa jinsi alivyoimudu michezo hiyo miwili kwa wakati mmoja. Na hivyo ndivyo alivyojipatia jina la umaarufu “Chaap”, kwa maana ya kuwa alikuwa mwepesi kufahamu kila mbinu ya michezo hiyo na kuzitekeleza ipasavyo.

Anasimulia: “Nilianza kuupenda mchezo wa Golf mnamo mwaka 1962 nilipokuwa nawabebea Wakoloni wa Kiingereza mikoba yao iliyojaa vingowe vya kuchezea mchezo huo. Mimi, kama ilivyokuwa kwa watoto wengi wa Kikwajuni, nilifaidika sana na jinsi nilivyokuwa nikiona Wazungu hao walivyokuwa wanaucheza mchezo huo. Na ndipo nilipojifunza sheria na kanuni zake. Isitoshe, kibarua changu hicho kiliniwezesha kufahamiana na akina Sir George Mooring, Biles, Francis, Dulton na Wazungu wengi wengineo waliokuwa na daraja kubwa serikalini wakati huo. Kwa kweli, wao ndio waliokuwa wa kwanza kunijuulisha mimi na mchezo wa Golf. Na hivyo, nilipata bahati ya kujuana na kukutana nao nikiwa kedi wao”.

Issa Mjaka aliendelea kusimulia kuwa kazi ya ukedi aliendelea nayo mpaka yalipofanyika Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar mnamo mwaka 1964. Na baada ya hapo ndipo kedi wengi walipopata nafasi ya kutumia ujuzi na uzoefu walioupata kama kedi kuucheza mchezo huo katika kiwanja kile kile walichokuwa wakiwabebea Wazungu mikoba yao va Golf. Mwaka huo huo wa 1964 kulianzishwa “Mashindano ya Kedi” yaliyokuwa yakifanyika mara moja kwa mwaka. Akiwa na umri wa miaka 15, Chaap aliweza kutwaa ushindi wa kwanza mwaka 1964; na alitwaa ushindi wa pili mwaka 1965.

Miongoni mwa kedi na baadaye wachezaji wenzake kwa wakati huo walikuwemo Rajab Piru, Khamis Ramadhan, Khamis Shaaban, Shaaban Haroub, Mwinjuma Mzee “Jeff”, Hemed Mjaka, kaka yake Chaap, na Kombo Amir. Katika miaka hiyo ya awali ya uchezaji wake Golf, Mwalimu (coach) wao alikuwa Bwana Suleiman Mrisho “Kabalo” ambaye ndiye aliyekuwa mchezaji bora (Best Golfer) wakati huo na mchezaji mashuhuri wa mpira wa miguu wa timu za Kikwajuni na Taifa ya Zanzibar.

Akionesha kusikitishwa kwake, Chaap alisema kwa huzuni kuwa ilipofika mwaka 1967 mchezo wa Golf nchini Zanzibar ulianza kufa kidogo kidogo kutokana na kuanza kujengwa majumba na barabara ndani ya viwanja vya mchezo huo pale Maisara; na Furaha ya Visiwani Hoteli kujinyakulia rasmi viwanja pamoja na Golf Club iliyokuwa ikitumiwa na Wazungu hapo Maisara. Baada ya hapo, mchezo huo haukuchezwa tena mpaka mwaka 1982 katika viwanja vya Mnazi-Mmoja badala ya viwanja vya Maisara. Ingawaje viwanja vya Mnazi-Mmoja havikuanzishwa kwa madhumuni ya kuchezea Golf; lakini akina Chaap na wenziwe walijaribu kuvitengeneza ipasavyo ili kukidhi haja ya kuvitumia kwa mchezo huo ingawaje kwa muda mfupi.

Wakati huo, kedi wa zamani walijiundia timu yao ya kwanza kabisa ya mchezo huo ikiwa chini ya Uenyekiti wa Bwana Omar Ghassany. Hivi sasa, timu hiyo ya kedi wa zamani imepewa jina la “Maisara Golf Club” na ambayo ni timu pekee katika Zanzibar yenye wachezaji wa zamani wakishirikiana na wachezaji chipukizi. Jumla ya wachezaji pamoja na walimu/wachezaji wakongwe, kama vile Kabalo, Bushiri Mahmoud, Mkubwa Salum, Juma Saadat, Bwanakheri Omar na Ajar Patel katika timu hiyo haizidi wachezaji 25. Chaap mwenyewe ni mmoja kati ya walimu hao wanaowafundisha vijana chipukizi hivi sasa.

Hata hivyo, baada ya kufanyiwa matengenezo makubwa viwanja vya Golf vya Maisara, wachezaji walilazimika kuacha kuvitumia viwanja vya Mnazi-Mmoja na kurejea katika viwanja vya Maisara kwa ajili ya kufanyia mazoezi yao ya kila siku. Hivyo, walilazimika kurejea katika viwanja vya Maisara. Lakini, viwanja hivyo navyo vimevamiwa sana na wachezaji wa mpira wa miguu. Matokeo yake, wachezaji wa Golf wamefanikiwa kupata kutumia viwanja hivyo kwa mazoezi mara mbili tu kwa wiki; yaani kila Jumamosi na Jumapili, tena kuanzia saa 6 mchana mpaka saa tisa joini.

Haya ni mazingira magumu sana kwa kufanyia mazoezi ya mchezo wa Golf; mchezo ambao unahitaji kutumia akili na kupata utulivu wa kufikiri katika kila hatua ya uchezaji wake. Baya zaidi ni kuwa badala ya kutimiza ngwe ya vishimo 18 kwa ukamilifu wake, wachezaji wanapata fursa ya kucheza vishimo sita tu na kulazimika kurudia-rudia mara tatu ili wapate kukamilisha ngwe kamili ya vishimo 18. Hali hii inawakosesha wachezaji fursa ya kujipanua zaidi kimasafa na uwezo wa kutafakari juu ya kutumia vingowe vipasavyo kwa mujibu wa masafa na pahala unapotua mpira kila baada ya “shot” moja.

Nilipomuuliza Chaap kuhusu suala la vifaa vya kuchezea, kama vile mikoba na vingowe vyake, mavazi na viatu mahsusi vya kuchezea hasa ikitiliwa maanani kuwa vifaa vyote hivyo ni ghali sana; Bwana Issa, bila ya kufikiri sana alisema kuwa yeye pamoja na wachezaji wenzake wamekuwa wakiagizia vifaa vilivyotumika kutoka nje ya nchi kwa marafiki na wapenzi wengine wa mchezo huo. Bahati mbaya, mpaka sasa hawajapata wafadhili wa kutosha katika kusaidia kuuendeleza mchezo huo kutokana na ukweli kuwa Zanzibar haina hata kiwanja rasmi cha kuchezea mchezo huo. “Huwezi kumuomba mfadhili kusaidia chochote katika kukuza mchezo wa Golf nchini Zanzibar wakati mchezo huo si miongoni mwa michezo inayopendwa na wananchi wengi na wala uendelezaji wake haukupewa kipa-umbele na serikali”, alisema Chaap kwa masikitiko makubwa.

Hata hivyo, Chaap alifahamisha kuwa kutokana na mapenzi au utashi wa mtu binafsi tu kusaidia chochote katika kuendeleza mchezo huo, baadhi ya watu wamejitokeza kusaidia. Alisema, kwa mfano, Bwana Muzzamil yeye binafsi amekuwa akisaidia kwa kutoa fedha taslim na vifaa kwa ajili ya kuuendeleza mchezo wa Golf nchini. Chaap alifahamisha kuwa Bwana Muzzamil aliwahi kutoa jumla ya Shs. 70,000/- ikiwa ni nauli ya safari ya timu kwenda kushiriki katika mashindano huko Tanzania Bara.

Vile vile, Bwana Anthony Njoroge, ambaye ni mmiliki wa duka linalouza vinyago hapa Zanzibar, ambaye pia ni mpenzi na mchezaji wa Golf, aliwahi kutoa msaada wa fedha taslimu kulipia gharama za usafiri, malazi, ada za ushiriki pamoja na posho za wachezaji wa timu ya Zanzibar iliyoshiriki katika mashindano yaliyofanyika katika viwanja vya Gymkhana, Dar es Salaam hivi karibuni. Bwana Issa ametumia fursa hii kuwapongeza Bwana Muzzamil kwa msaada wao huo na hapo hapo kuwaomba wafadhili wengine wajitokeze katika jitihada za kusaidia kuuendeleza mchezo huo.

Kwa upande mwingine, ni jambo la kutia moyo kidogo kuona kuwa serikali imetenga fungu la fedha la jumla ya Shs. 800,000 tu kwa mwaka kupitia Baraza la Michezo la Zanzibar na chama cha “Zanzibar Golf Association” kilichosajiliwa rasmi mnamo mwaka 1982 na ambacho Mwenyekiti wake ni Bwana Mkubwa Salum, alieleza Chaap. Lakini, aliongeza kusema kuwa, inasikitisha sana kuona kuwa fungu hilo huwa linatolewa kimaandishi tu kwani gharama wanazozipata wachezaji wenyewe binafsi kila pale wanapolazimika kushiriki katika mashindano mbali mbali ya mchezo huo yanayofanyika ndani na nje ya Zanzibar ni kubwa zaidi ya kile kilichotengwa kwa ajili hiyo.

Kwa mfano, timu inapaswa kushiriki katika mashindano matatu kila mwaka yanayofanyika hapa nchini kama hivi: January – “Mapinduzi Cup”; September – “Maisara Open” na Desember – “Mkubwa Salum Cup”. Isitoshe, katika kipindi cha mwaka huu, timu imeshiriki katika mashindano ya “Arusha Open” ambayo hufanyika kila mwezi wa January kule Arusha na Zanzibar ilitoa wachezaji chipukizi (junior) 2 na mchezaji mzoefu (senior) 1. Katika mashindano hayo, jumla ya timu sita zilishiriki.

Katika mashindano ya “Morogoro Open” yaliyofanyika mwezi January 2010, Chaap alishiriki kikamilifu na kuchukua ushindi wa pili. Jumla ya wachezaji 4 kutoka Zanzibar walishiriki katika mashindano hayo ikiwa ni pamoja na Mussa Foum, Zehai Nassor na Abdul Nassir Ahmed; hawa wawili wa mwisho wakiwa wachezaji chipukizi. Juma Saadat alikuwa ndio Mwalimu (kocha) wa wachezaji hao katika mashindano hayo. Kutokana na ushindi wake huo, Chaap alizawadiwa kikombe pamoja na jiko la gesi (Gas cooker). Ukiacha mashindano hayo, wachezaji wa Zanzibar hushiriki kikamilifu katika mashindano mbali mbali yanayoandaliwa na Tanzania Golf Union (TGU).

Jee, kuna mashirikiano yoyote yale baina ya “Zanzibar Golf Association” na “Tanzania Golf Union”? Chaap alijibu suala hili kwa kusema kuwa mashirikiano baina ya vyama viwili hivi yapo na yanaendelea vizuri. Alieleza kuwa Mwenyekiti wa TGU, Bwana Bioniz Malinzi amekuwa akitoa msaada wake binafsi na kuhakikisha kuwa ZGA inapata mialiko ya kuhudhuria mashindano mbali mbali yanayofanyika Bara na kutoa basi maalum kwa ajili ya kuwasafirisha wachezaji kutoka Zanzibar. Hata hivyo, Bwana Issa Mjaka anashauri na kupendekeza kuwa kuna haja kubwa ya kukuza zaidi mashirikiano baina ya pande hizi mbili ili kwa pamoja mchezo wa Golf uweze kupata wachezaji, washabiki na wafadhili wengi zaidi kuliko vile ilivyo hivi sasa.

Nilimuuliza Chaap kwa madhumuni ya kutaka kujua ni nani hasa mchezaji bora wa Golf kupita wote nchini Zanzibar? Bila ya kusita, alijibu: “Kwa sasa, mimi ni mchezaji bora kuliko wote hapa Zanzibar. Inatosha tu kuangalia rekodi yangu na tunzo mbali mbali nilizozipata kutokana na kushiriki kwangu katika mashindano mbali mbali”.

Hata hivyo, Chaap aliongeza kuwa kwa upande wa wachezaji wazoefu (seniors), wachezaji bora wanaomfuatia yeye ni Juma Saadat na Mussa Foum. Na kwa upande wa wachezaji chipukizi (juniors), Chaap alitanabahisha kuwa Abdul Nassir Ahmed ambaye, mnamo mwaka 1999, alichukua ushindi wa kwanza katika mashindano ya wachezaji chipukizi ya “Lugalo Open” ndiye mchezaji bora katika ngazi hiyo kwa sasa.

Mwisho kabisa nilimuuliza Chaap iwapo anayo mapendekezo yoyote katika jitihada za kuukuza na kuuendeleza mchezo wa Golf nchini Zanzibar? Alijibu kwa kusema hivi: “Kwanza napendekeza kwa nguvu zake zote kwa serikali kuvirejesha viwanja vya Maisara kwa wachezaji wa Golf kupitia “Zanzibar Golf Association” ili tuweze kuvitumia kikamilifu kwa ajili ya kupata nafasi zaidi kwa mazoezi ya kila siku. Hii itatuondoshea kero zisizokwisha kutoka kwa wachezaji wa mpira wa miguu na madereva wa magari na vyombo vingine mbali mbali wanaoendelea kupita-pita viwanjani humo”.

Pili, kutokana na Golf kuwa ni mchezo wa kihistoria kwa Zanzibar, Chaap anaamini kuwa “Ikiwa mchezo huu utapewa kipa-umbele na serikali, kwa kuanzisha miundo-mbinu yake mipya na kuboresha iliyopo sasa, serikali pamoja na wananchi kwa jumla wataweza kuingiza mapato makubwa katika uchumi wa nchi. Vile vile, watalii wengi, kihistoria, wanategemea kuwa Zanzibar ni nchi ambayo inayo mandhari mazuri kwa mchezo wa Golf; lakini, bahati mbaya wengi wao wanaendelea kuvunjikwa moyo kwa jinsi wanavyoikuta Zanzibar katika hali ya kutokuwa na hata kiwanja kimoja cha kuchezea Golf”.

Chaap anamaliza kwa kusisitiza kama hivi: “Mchezo wa Golf ni maarufu sana duniani. Wachezaji maarufu kama vile Tiger Woods wametajirika sana na kupata umaarufu mkubwa katika ulimwengu wa Golf. Ikiwa jitihada za makusudi zitafanywa kwa madhumuni ya kuuendeleza mchezo huo hapa Zanzibar, basi hapana shaka yoyote kuwa vijana wengi ambao hivi sasa wanazurura ovyo kutokana na ukosefu wa ajira, wataweza kujituma na kujiajiri wao wenyewe kwa kushiriki kikamilifu katika mchezo huu. Ile dhana ya kuuona mchezo huo kuwa ni mchezo unaochezwa na matajiri tu ni potufu na imepitwa na wakati. Vijana pamoja na wazee/wastaafu wetu wanaweza kabisa kufaidika sana na fursa ambazo mchezo huu unaweza kuzitoa, iwe katika kuwapatia ajira vijana wetu au katika kuboresha afya za wazee wetu”.

Kwa hivyo, la muhimu zaidi, serikali inapaswa kuzingatia uwezekano au haja ya kuteua wajumbe wenye mapenzi na michezo mengine katika Baraza la Michezo badala ya kuendelea na uteuzi wa wajumbe wanaopendelea zaidi mchezo wa mpira wa miguu na mpira wa kikapu tu. Baraza la Michezo linapaswa kuwa ni baraza la michezo yote. Kwa kufanya hivyo tu ndipo uwakilishi wenye uwiano mzuri utakapopatikana na kuiwezesha serikali kutoa kipaumbele kwa michezo ambayo haina umaarufu au ushawishi mkubwa nchini ili iweze kujiendeleza ipasavyo. Kinyume chake, ikiwa serikali haitochukua hatua zipasazo, basi kuna hatari ya kupelekea kutoweka mchezo wa Golf kidogo kidogo na vijana wa Zanzibar kukosa fursa ya kurithishwa vipaji vya mchezo huo kutoka kwa wachezaji wakongwe ambao, kama ilivyokuwa kwa akina Sir George Mooring katika miaka ya 1960, itafika wakati nao watatoweka na kupotea kabisa.

Talib Kassim Abdi ni Mtafiti Msaidizi katika Taasisi ya Zanzibar inayoshughulikia masuala ya Utafiti wa Sera za Kimaendeleo na Kijamii (ZIRPP)). Hii ni makala yake ya kwanza tokea alipoanza kazi katika taasisi hiyo mapema mwaka huu.
talib.kweli@live.com





Siri ya Aman Karume, Maalim Seif yafichuka

10 02 2010

•  Yabainishwa walitishiwa kushtakiwa The Hague

SIRI ya mapatano ya ghafla kati ya Rais wa Zanzibar, Amani Abeid Karume, na Katibu Mkuu wa Chama cha Wananchi (CUF), Maalim Seif Shariff Hamad, yanayoelekea kuzaa serikali ya mseto visiwani, imefichuka.</P> <P>Uchunguzi wa kina uliofanywa na Tanzania Daima Jumatano, umebaini kuwa chanzo cha makubaliano ya ghafla ya viongozi hao imetokana na shinikizo kutoka nchi za Jumuiya ya Ulaya zilizotishia kuwafikisha katika Mahakama ya Kimataifa ya Uhalifu (ICC), The Hague nchini, Uholanzi viongozi hao kama damu itamwagika tena katika uchaguzi mkuu ujao.</P> <P>Tayari marais na viongozi kadhaa wa siasa barani Afrika, wamefikishwa katika mahakama hiyo kujibu tuhuma zinazowakabili za kusababisha umwagaji damu katika nchi zao.</P> <P>Hadi kufikia Oktoba mwaka jana, nchi 110 zilisaini kukubali na kuitambua mahakama hii, ikiwemo Tanzania.</P> <P>Kumbukumbu zinaonyesha kuwa hadi sasa mahakama hiyo iliyoanza kutekeleza majukumu yake Julai Mosi 2002, The Hague nchini Uholanzi, imefungua uchunguzi katika maeneo manne ya Uganda Kaskazini, Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo, Jamhuri ya Afrika ya Kati na katika jimbo la Darfur.</P> <P>Hadi sasa imewafikisha kizimbani watu wanaokadiriwa kufikia 10, saba wamebakia kama washtakiwa, wawili wanaaminika kuwa wamefariki dunia, wanne wako chini ya ulinzi na mmoja anatakiwa kuonekana kwa hiari mbele ya mahakama hiyo.</P> <P>Kwa upande wa Afrika wapo viongozi wakuu kadhaa ambao mashtaka yao yamefikishwa mbele ya mahakama hii na kesi zao bado hazijaisha, akiwamo aliyewahi kuwa Rais wa Liberia, Charles Taylor; Makamu wa Rais wa zamani wa Kongo, Jean Pierre Bemba; na sasa anasakwa Rais wa Sudan, Omar al-Bashir</P> <P>Mbali na hao wapo wapiganaji wa DRC waliofikishwa ICC ambao ni Thomas Lubanga, Germain Katanga na Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui.</P> <P>Nchi ambazo hivi karibuni zimeingia kwenye machafuko, viongozi wake wako katika hatari ya kufikishwa ICC, ni Kenya na Zimbabwe ambapo majina ya baadhi ya watuhumiwa waliohusika katika vurugu za uchaguzi, yamekwishafikishwa katika mahakama hiyo.</P> <P>Mbali ya Kenya na Zimbabwe, nchi nyingine kadha wa kadha zimekuwa zikitajwa ikiwemo Zanzibar kwamba baadhi ya viongozi wake, wanaweza kufikishwa ICC kutokana na matendo yao yaliyosababisha umwagaji wa damu wakati wa uchaguzi.</P> <P>Vyanzo vya habari kutoka ndani ya Serikali ya Mapinduzi Zanzibar (SMZ) na baadhi ya viongozi waandamizi wa CUF, vilisema Maalim Seif na Rais Karume, waliwahi kuitwa na nchi za Jumuiya ya Ulaya na kupewa onyo kwamba kama damu itamwagika tena Zanzibar wakati wa uchaguzi mkuu ujao, watafikishwa katika mahakama hiyo kujibu tuhuma za mauaji na ukiukwaji wa haki za binadamu.</P> <P>Tangu kumalizika kwa uchaguzi huo visiwani Zanzibar, Maalim Seif amewahi kukaririwa akisema atakwenda kuishtaki serikali ya Rais Karume kwenye Jumuiya ya Nchi za Ulaya ambako inasemekana alipata ushauri wa kumtambua Rais Karume.</P> <P>Duru za kisiasa kutoka visiwani humo zinadai kuwa baada ya kupewa tahadhari hiyo, viongozi hao waliamua kukutana katika Ikulu ya Rais Karume Zanzibar kwa mara ya kwanza baada ya miaka tisa ya uhasama wa kisiasa na kuamua kumaliza tofauti zao bila kuvishirikisha vyama vyao.</P> <P>Viongozi hao wenye historia kubwa katika visiwa vya Zanzibar, pia walipeana mikakati ambayo hadi sasa imebaki kuwa siri kuhakikisha wanajenga mazingira mazuri ya kufanyika kwa uchaguzi huru na wa haki visiwani humo.</P> <P>Mara baada ya mkutano wa viongozi hao, Maalim Seif, ambaye amepata kuwania kiti cha urais wa Zanzibar mara tatu mfululizo na kushindwa, alitangaza kumtambua Rais Karume.</P> <P>Hali hiyo imezua mjadala mzito na imemuweka Maalim Seif katika wakati mgumu hasa alipofanya mkutano wa hadhara siku mbili baada ya kukutana na Rais Karume katika Ikulu ya Zanzibar.</P> <P>Katika mkutano huo, wapo waliompinga Maalim Seif kwa kumzomea na kumwita msaliti, huku kina mama wakiangua kilio na kueleza mawazo ya kutokuwa na imani naye.</P> <P>“Watu wanajiuliza imekuwaje ghafla Maalim Seif anamtambua Karume, mara bila hata ridhaa ya chama, anawatangazia wanachama, huku Rais Karume anafanya uteuzi wa wajumbe wawili wa Baraza la Wawakilishi kutoka CUF?</P> <P>“Hii yote ni kutokana na kibano walichokipata na ndio maana hata ukiwauliza, ‘Kwenye kikao chenu cha faragha, mlikubaliana nini? Nani alimwita mwenzake?’, hakuna mwenye majibu,” alisema mmoja wa wanasiasa wenye ushawishi mkubwa visiwani Zanzibar,” alisema.</P> <P>Kwa mujibu wa habari hizo, wadadisi wa mambo ya kisiasa wanaamini kuna msukumo kutoka nje kwani msimamo wa CUF awali ni kwamba walipinga Azimio la Butiama lililotolewa na Halmashauri Kuu ya CCM, Machi mwaka jana la kutaka Serikali ya Mseto ianzishwe mwakani.</P> <P>CCM walitaka mseto uanze baada ya uchaguzi mkuu mwakani, lakini CUF wakataka uanze sasa.</P> <P>Wakati mvutano huo ukiendelea kulijitokeza hoja ndani ya CCM kwamba yatafutwe maoni ya Wazanzibari wote kuhusu suala hilo kwa kuwa Zanzibar si ya CCM wala CUF pekee.</P> <P>Akizungumzia kuhusu tishio la kufikishwa katika Mahakama ya The Hague, Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Mawasiliano visiwani Zanzibar CUF, Salum Biman, alisema hakuna shinikizo lolote kutoka nje lililosababisha Rais Karume na Maalim Seif kufikia muafaka.</P> <P>“Maneno hayo yanasemwa, hata sisi tunaambiwa hivyo, lakini ukweli unabaki kwamba viongozi hao wamezingatia maslahi ya Wazanzibar,” alisema.</P> <P>“Mimi nafikiri kama kiongozi wa kupelekwa The Hague ni Rais mstaafu Benjamin Mkapa ambaye mwaka 2000 hadi 2001 yalipotokea machafuko na watu zaidi ya 40 kuuawa, alikuwa Amiri Jeshi Mkuu,” alisema Biman.</P> <P>Kuhusu uchaguzi mkuu ujao visiwani Zanzibar pamoja na uanzishaji wa Serikali za Mseto, duru za siasa zinasema kuwa CUF wamefanikiwa kutimiza malengo yao hasa ya kutaka uchaguzi mkuu mwaka huu uahirishwe.</P> <P>Wachambuzi wa mambo ya siasa visiwani humo, wanasema kuwa ingawa hoja ya Maalim Seif awali ilikuwa kutaka uchaguzi mkuu uahirishwe, lakini uchaguzi katika visiwa hivyo, unaweza kuahirishwa kutokana na kuwapo kwa muda mfupi wa kufanya mabadiliko ya Katiba ili suala la Serikali ya Mseto, liingizwe kwenye Katiba ya Zanzibar.</P> <P>Akizungumzia suala hilo, Mwanasheria Ali Ali wa ofisi ya Mwanasheria Mkuu wa SMZ, alisema kama viongozi wa CUF na CCM wana dhamira ya kweli, Zanzibar wanaweza kufanya uchaguzi mwaka huu.</P> <P>Alikiri kuwa licha ya kuwapo kwa muda mfupi, anaweza kuitisha vikao vya dharura vya Baraza la Wawakilishi na kufanya mabadiliko ya Katiba yatakayokidhi matakwa ya Serikali ya Mseto.</P> <P>Wiki mbili zilizopita, Baraza la Wawakilishi lilipitisha hoja binafsi ya Kiongozi wa Kambi ya Upinzani, Abubakar Khamis Bakari, ya kutaka kuundwa kwa Serikali ya Mseto ili kujenga umoja na maridhiano kwa Wazanzibari ambao wamekuwa katika migogoro ya kisiasa kwa muda wa zaidi ya miaka 15.</P> <P>Wajumbe wa baraza hilo wote kwa sauti moja walikubaliana na suala hilo kwa kuridhia baaada ya Baraza la Wawakilishi kuwasilisha mapendekezo ya hoja binafsi ya Chama cha Wananchi CUF na kujadiliwa na mwakilishi huyo wa jimbo la Mgogoni Pemba.</P> <P>Hata hivyo kabla ya kufanyika kwa mabadiliko hayo CUF walikubali kufanya mabadiliko katika hoja kadhaa baada ya wajumbe wa CCM kutaka kufanyiwa mabadiko hayo ya hoja yake.</P> <P>Marekebisho hayo ni pamoja na hatua ya kutaka ridhaa ya wananchi kwa njia ya kura ya maoni, na marekebisho ya Katiba endapo wananchi wataridhia uanzishwaji wa serikali ya umoja wa kitaifa. Mambo yote hayo yafanywe kabla ya uchaguzi mkuu mwaka huu.</P> <P>Wakati huo, Maalim Seif yuko nchini Uingereza ambapo pamoja na mambo mengi anatarajia kufanya mkutano na Wazanzibari waishio huku, kuwajulisha dhamira mpya ya kumtambua Rais Karume na uundwaji wa Serikali ya Mseto Zanzibar.</P> <P>Hatua hiyo ni mwendelezo wa harakati zake za kufanya ushawishi wa ndani na nje lengo likiwa kutafuta uungwaji mkono wa muafaka wake na Rais Karume.</P> <P>Taarifa ambazo Tanzania Daima Jumatano imezipata, zilisema kuwa Maalim Seif, anatarajia kufanya mkutano huo Februali 13, katika Ukumbi wa Durning Hall, jijini London, kueleza sababu na hatua ya maridhiano yaliyofikiwa kati yake na Rais Karume.</P> <P>Taarifa za mkutano wa Maalim Seif nchini Uingereza, zilithibitishwa pia na Mkurugenzi wa Mawasiliano wa CUF visiwani Zanzibar, Biman.</P> <P>Alisema Maalim Seif atakuwa na mikutano mbalimbali ya kimataifa ambayo hakuifafanua na pia atafanya mikutano na Wazanzibari waiishio huko.</P> <P>“Kweli yupo nchini Uingereza kwa ajili ya mikutano yake ya kimataifa. Atazungumza mambo mengi mojawapo kuwaeleza hatua ambayo tumefikia katika maridhiano yetu,” alisema Bimani.</P> <P>Jumuiya ya Wazanzibari waishio Uingereza (ZAWA) kupitia mtandao wa Jamii Forum umewakaribisha raia wote waishio nchini humo na nchi za karibu, kuhudhuria mkutano wa Maalim Seif.</P> <P>“Wazanzibari wote, wake kwa waume, walioko Uingereza na nchi za jirani wanakaribishwa kuhudhuria. Huu ni mkutano wa kihistoria na wa kwanza kufanyika London baada ya makubaliano yaliyofikiwa baina ya CUF na CCM Zanzibar,” ilisomeka sehemu ya taarifa hiyo

 




Serikali ya mpito au mbinu mpya ya kutaka kuendelea kutawala?

10 02 2010

Wapendwa Wazanzibari,

Mengi yameandikwa na yanaendelea kuandikwa kuhusu “Maridhiano” yanayoelezwa kuwa yamefikiwa baina ya Rais wa Zanzibar na Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Mapinduzi Amani Karume na Katibu Mkuu wa CUF Maalim Seif Shariff; maridhiano ambayo hayakubainishwa kwa kauli ya mdomo na wala hayakuandikwa popote pale. Katika kuelezea kutoridhika kwangu na hali ya usiri na ukimwa inayoendelea kuyakumba hayo maridhiano yanayozungumziwa hapa, niliwahi kumuomba Maalim Seif Shariff katika kikao cha Kongomano lililofanyika hivi karibuni katika Hoteli ya Bwawani atuwekee wazi nini hasa kilichozungumzwa na kukubaliwa kati yake na Rais Amani Karume. Alicheka tu bila ya kusema lolote. Baadaye nilifahamishwa kuwa ili maridhiano hayo yaweze kutekelezwa, kulikuwa na haja kubwa ya kuiwacha hali ya ukimya na usiri kuendelea.

Hivi karibuni tumekuwa tukishuhudia pendekezo kutoka vyama vya upinzani na jumuiya za kidini la kutaka uchaguzi mkuu unaotarajiwa kufanyika mwezi Oktoba mwaka huu uakhirishwe hadi mwaka 2012; na shinikizo baada ya shinikizo linalomtaka Amani akubali kuongozewa muda wa kutawala, sio kwa kipindi kingine cha miaka mitano, bali kwa miaka miwili ya ziada akiwa ni kiongozi wa serikali ya mpito kuelekea katika uchaguzi ujao.

Katika hotuba yake aliyoitoa kule Pemba katika sherehe za kuadhimisha miaka 46 ya Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar, Amani alisema kuwa hatagombea kipindi cha tatu cha urais na huku akisisitiza haja ya kulinda na kutetea katiba ya Zanzibar ambayo inamzuia kugombea tena urais wa Zanzibar.

Lakini, kauli yake hiyo haimaanishi hata kidogo kuwa hayuko tayari kuiongoza Zanzibar kwa kipindi cha miaka miwili kama kiongozi wa serikali ya mpito kuelekea katika uchaguzi ujao. Na hii ndiyo hasa hoja ya Maalim Seif. Na, kwa hivyo, mpaka hapo Amani atakapoweka wazi kuwa hana dhamira ya kuiongoza serikali ya mpito hata kwa siku moja, basi tetesi zitabaki pale pale kuwa Amani hatagombea kipindi cha tatu cha urais, lakini inawezekana kabisa akakubali kuiongoza serikali ya mpito kwa muda wa miaka miwili ikiwa Baraza la Wawakilishi litapitisha azimio la kuakhirisha uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka huu na kumtaka yeye kuiongoza serikali ya mpito kuelekea katika uchaguzi ujao; mamlaka ambayo wawakilishi wetu wanayo kwa mujibu wa katiba ya Zanzibar na kanuni za Baraza la Wawakilishi. Kelele za akina Msekwa, Makamba na wengineo ni za wapangaji tu; haziwakoseshi usingizi wenye nyumba.

Lakini, nini hasa madhumuni ya kuwa na serikali ya mpito? Ni jambo la kawaida kabisa kuwa serikali ya mpito huasisiwa kila pale inapotokea migogoro ya kisiasa au hali ya dharura katika nchi. Hatuna haja ya kwenda mbali kujifunza mifano iliyo hai na iliyowahi kutokea ili kupata maana halisi ya serikali ya mpito. Kwa mfano, baada ya kujiuzulu kwa Alhaj Aboud Jumbe mnamo mwezi April 1984, Ali Hassan Mwinyi aliteuliwa na Halmashauri Kuu ya CCM kuziba pengo lililoachwa wazi na Jumbe na kuongoza Serikali ya mpito kwa muda wa karibu miezi mitatu hadi uchaguzi ulipofanyika na Mwinyi kuchaguliwa rasmi kama Rais wa Zanzibar na Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Mapinduzi.

Isitoshe, serikali ya mpito pia iliwahi kuundwa nchini South Afrika baada ya kujiuzulu kwa Rais Tabho Mbeki; na Bunge la nchi hiyo kupitisha azimio la kumteua Bwana….kushika nafasi ya Mbeki mpaka hapo uchaguzi Mkuu ulipofanyika mwaka jana na Rais Jacob Zuma kuchaguliwa rasmi kuiongoza South Afrika kwa kipindi cha muda wa miaka mitano. Hali kama hiyo ilitokea nchini Liberia baada ya kujiuzulu kwa aliyekuwa rais wa nchi hiyo, Charles Taylor, na nafasi yake kushikiliwa kwa muda wa mwaka mmoja na Bwana….ambaye aliongoza serikali ya mpito mpaka uchaguzi ulipofanyika na kuchaguliwa Bibi Ellen Johnson-Sirlief mwanamke wa kwanza kabisa kushikilia nafasi ya urais katika Bara la Afrika.

Kwa hivyo, kama tuonavyo hapo juu, serikali zote hizo za mpito ziliundwa baada ya kutokea migogoro ya kisiasa au dharura za aina fulani katika nchi hizo husika. Kwa upande wa Zanzibar, kujiuzulu kwa Jumbe kulisababishwa na “kuchafuka kwa hali ya hewa” na hivyo kusababisha kulazimika kujiuzulu kwake nafasi zote alizokuwa nazo ikiwa ni pamoja na urais wa Zanzibar. Nchini South Afrika, kujiuzulu kwa Mbeki mwaka mmoja tu kabla ya kumalizika kwa muda wake wa urais kulililazimisha Bunge la nchi hiyo kumteua rais wa muda kushika nafasi hiyo kwa sababu nchi haiwezi kujiendesha bila ya kiongozi. Hiyo ilikuwa ni dharura kubwa ambayo isingeliweza kuachwa bila ya kushughulikiwa ipasavyo. Halikadhalika, nchini Liberia mambo yalikuwa kama ilivyofanyika nchini Afrika ya Kusini. Liberia ilihitaji kupata kuiongozi wa muda mpaka uchaguzi utakapofanyika kutokana na kujiuzulu kwa rais wake kabla ya kumaliza muda wake. Hiyo nayo ilikuwa ni dharura kubwa ambayo iliikuta Liberia katika hali ya mgogoro wa kisiasa.

Sasa, tukirudi nchini kwetu Zanzibar; hivi kweli kuna haja ya kuundwa kwa serikali ya mpito? Nauliza hivi kwa sababu hakuna dharura au mgogoro wa kisiasa unaomlazimisha Rais Amani Karume kuachia ngazi kabla ya muda wake kumalizika. Hili la kwanza. Lakini, la pili ni kuwa ikiwa hoja inayojengwa hapa ya kutaka kuakhirisha uchaguzi ujao kwa madhumuni ya kumpa rais Karume muda wa kutosha ili kuhakikisha kuwa uchaguzi ujao unafanyika kwa misingi ya uhuru na haki na hasa zaidi kuondokana na siasa za uhasama na chuki na kupandikiza siasa za ushindani inakubalika, la kujiuliza ni kwanini muda huo uwe miaka miwili badala ya kutekeleza yote hayo katika kipindi chote kilichobakia cha urais wake? Ikiwa kweli Rais Karume ana nia ya kufanya hivyo, mimi ninaamini kabisa kuwa anaweza kurekebisha kasoro zote zilizojitokeza katika uandikishaji wa wapiga kura katika Daftari la Kudumu la Wapiga kura na pia kuhakikisha kuwa kila mwenye sifa za kupewa kitambulisho cha Uzanzibari anapewa mnamo muda huo huo uliobaki wa urais wake. Kwa lugha nyepesi, sioni sababu ya kuamini kuwa Serikali au Tume ya Uchaguzi inahitaji miaka miwili ya ziada kukamilisha zoezi la kuandikisha jumla ya wapiga kura wasiozidi 500,000 na ushei nchini kote.

Isitoshe, hivyo kweli Amani hana muda wa kutekeleza hayo maridhiano kati ya sasa hivi na mwezi Oktoba 2010? Na ni maridhiano gani hasa yanayozungumziwa hapa ambayo bado yanaendelea kuwa ni siri?
Na ikiwa kweli kuna haja ya kutekeleza maridhiano, kwanini lazima awe yeye wa kutekeleza maridhiano hayo na si mtu mwingine? Kwa kuendelea kuiongoza Zanzibar kwa muda wa miaka miwili mingine baada ya kumaliza vipindi viwili vya uongozi wake, Amani Karume haoni kuwa
ataonekana kuwa anataka kujiongezea muda wa kutawala kwa mlango wa nyuma; na hivyo kuweka mfano mbaya kwa viongozi wajao ambao nao pia wataweza kabisa kujenga mazingira yanayofanana na hayo; ilimradi tu wapate fursa ya kujiongezea muda wa kutawala kinyume na katiba ya nchi? Na ikiwa hili litaruhusiwa kufanyika, hivi Zanzibar itakuwa inaelekea wapi? Kuna haja gani, kwa hivyo, kuwa na katiba ya nchi ambayo haithaminiwi na wala kutekelezwa ipasavyo?

Kwa upande mwingine, ikiwa Maalim Seif na CUF watashiriki kikamilifu katika kuunda hiyo serikali ya mpito kama inavyotarajiwa, hapana shaka yoyote kuwa nao watajiwekea mazingira mazuri katika uchaguzi ujao kuliko wagombea wengine kutoka katika vyama vingine. Hii inatokana na ukweli kuwa yeye ni mgombea mtarajiwa wa urais wa Zanzibar kupitia chama cha CUF, wakati Amani hatokuwa mgombea tena. Serikali ya mpito ndiyo itakayoweka hayo “mazingira” mazuri yatakayohakikisha kuwa uchaguzi ujao utakuwa huru na wa haki.

Ikiwa dhana ya serikali ya mpito ni kuweka mazingira mazuri kwa kufanyika uchaguzi ulio huru na wa haki, kushiriki kwa Maalim Seif katika serikali hiyo kutaonekana kama ni “conflict of interest situation” kwa upande wake. Kwa maana nyingine, huwezi kuongoza serikali inayopaswa kuandaa uchaguzi ulio huru na wa haki na papo hapo kiongozi wewe ukawa ndio mmoja katika wagombea uongozi wa nchi katika uchaguzi unaotayarisha kufanyika. Hiki ndicho kilio cha CUF cha muda mrefu dhidi ya serikali inayoongozwa na CCM. Kitu gani kitatufanya kuamini kuwa Maalim Seif na viongozi wenzake watakuwa mara hii tofauti na viongozi wa CCM?

Kwa hivyo, ni vyema mtu mwingine ambaye atakuwa muadilifu kabisa kuiongoza hiyo serikali ya mpito. Rais Mstaafu Mwinyi angelikuwa kiongozi bora kushika nafasi hii ya muda; lakini haitowezekana kwa sababu mwanawe, Dr. Hussein Mwinyi, inasemekana kuwa ni mmoja wa wagombea watarajiwa wa urais wa Zanzibar. Vinginevyo, kumruhusu Mwinyi kushika wadhifa huo kuna uwezekano wa kuleta “conflict of interest situation” nyingine mpya. Kwa hivyo, mwanasiasa aliyebaki hapa, si mwingine, isipokuwa ni Salim Ahmed Salim. Yeye ni mtu bora kabisa kushika wadhifa huu wa muda kwa sababu hana azma wala dhamira ya kugombea urais wa Zanzibar.

Vinginevyo, jitihada hizi zote za kutaka kuakhirisha uchaguzi na kumtaka Amani kuongoza serikali ya mpito, zitakuwa si chochote zaidi ya mbinu ya kutaka kuendelea kutawala kwa mlango wa nyuma. Na hili kattu haliwezekani. Zanzibar haiwezi kujiwekea utaratibu mbaya ambao utaweza kutumiwa na viongozi wajao kila pale wanapotaka kujiongezea muda wa kutawala baada ya kumaliza vipindi vyao vya utawala kwa mujibu wa katiba. Ikiwa Amani Karume, kwa kuitumia CUF na Maalim Seif Shariff, ataruhusiwa na kufanikiwa kufanya hivyo, kitu gani kitawazuia wengine kufanya vivyo hivyo?


Muhammad Yussuf
Interim Executive Director
Zanzibar Institute for Research and Public Policy
P.O. Box 416
Zanzibar
TANZANIA
Tel: 0777 707820 Cellular
Tel: 0242 233526 Office
Email: yussufm@gmail.com
Weblog: http://www.zirppo.wordpress.com