29 11 2009

Abdallah Hassan Mitawi
P.O. Box 314

Mobile: 0783 289464 or 0773 291247

Nationality: Tanzanian

2006-2007 Cardiff University (UK)
Masters (MA) of International Public Relations
Modules included International Public Relation Theory & Practice, Communication Planning, Professional Writing, Communication Strategies, Communication skills, International Market, Research, Internet and New Media.

2003-2006 Graduated University of Dar es Salaam (Journalism)
Modules included TV Production, Mass Communication, News Writing, Feature Writing, Photojournalism, Newspapers design and Production, Sociology, Media Management and Broadcasting

2002-2003 University of Dar es Salaam
Advance Certificate in Journalism

1999-2000 Zanzibar Polytechnic LTD, Course Included MS Words, Excel, P.Point,
Access, Publisher and Internet

1997-1999 TVZ Training Centre, Certificate in TV News Coverage


2009 Training for facilitators, organized by ILO in Ethiopia

2009 Election Reporting organized by Konrad foundation at Johannesburg, South Africa

2009 East Africa Common Market Reporting organized by Deutsche Welle
At Arusha, Tanzania

2004 Self Organization and Event Management, Organized by Deutsch Welle
Training Centre (German) Course included Self-Organization: Principles
And Techniques, Communication Skills with IT Support: Theory and
Practice, Project Management, Team Building, Web sites and IT solutions.

2004 Consumer Reporting in TV, Conducted by Deutsch Welle Training Centre

1999 TV Production Techniques perform, Managed by Deutsch Welle Television Training Centre Berlin.


2009 Head of consultant on the project sponsored by UNDP on Produce voter
Education material for Zanzibar Electoral Commission (ZEC) for the 2005
General election

2009 Facilitated five workshops from different groups organized by Zanzibar
Electoral Commission (ZEC), which leading into formulate ZEC
Communication strategy for the period of 2009 – 2014

2009 Facilitated GNRC workshop during the Zanzibar International Film
Festival on July, 2009, the main objective of the workshop was to come up
With one voice about binding society together regardless their believes
And environmental factors

2008 to date Head of Current Affair programs and News Editor in TVZ

2008 Formulated and design publicity materials for Poverty Reduction Campaign in Zanzibar

2000- 2008 Journalist, news director and news editor in Television Zanzibar (TVZ)

2005-2006 Minister Without Port Folio, University of Dar es Salaam students organization (DARUSO-IJMC)

2006 Worked with TRA Zanzibar in the department of taxpayer education for
Practical training

2003-2005 Minister for Academics, University of Dar es Salaam students organization (DARUSO-IJMC)

2005 Participated in Television ya Taifa (TVT) as news reporter for practical training

2004 Participated in Berlin ale International Film Festival (Berlin-German), As Public Relations team, Berlin ale Film Festival is among the largest film festival in the World.

2000-2002 Journalist Association of Zanzibar (JAZ), Assistant Program Coordinator, among my responsibilities was to help coordinator implemented JAZ programs such as internal and external communication, organized seminar and be a link between management and JAZ members.

1999-to date Worked with different Printing Media in Tanzania such as Jukwaa newspaper, Mfanyakazi, Zanzibar Leo, Zanzibar Wiki Hii, Mwananchi and Population and Development newsletter, which is under Zanzibar Ministry of Finance as correspondent and features writer.

1999-2008 Zanzibar International Film Festival (ZIFF), Managed and
Organized events, Deals with media and Formulated Communication Strategies for the festival.


Public Relations for the national development
The power of Communication strategy
Communication and the new media
Issues and Dilemma of Media in Zanzibar


Public Relations in Television (2007) published by Cardiff University Press
Communication Strategy for the Zanzibar Electoral Commission (2009)


Producing live discussion program air every Thursday night on Television Zanzibar known as ‘Murika’
2009 Involved in Produce short documentary on ‘Poverty Reduction in Zanzibar’ showed in different parts in Zanzibar for education purpose
2009 produced short documentary on ‘ Zanzibar Small Medium Entrepreneurs’ shown in Television Zanzibar and different parts in Tanzania


Project management skills achieved during my work with JAZ as assistant coordinator, by that time the Journalist Association of Zanzibar was gained funds from Ford Foundation, HIVOS and Nordic Countries.
Presentation Skills acquired during in paper presenting at different seminar and workshops.
Organized several events and conference hikes whilst a Media coordinator with ZIFF and Minister at DARUSO
Good written communication skills gained during my studies, where clear, concise reports are essential and through writing articles for newspapers. Verbal communication skills developed through delivery of presentations at University and seminars.
Research skills including techniques of doing academic research.
IT literate in a range of packages including Words, Excel, Access, SPSS, etc.

Journalist Association of Zanzibar (JAZ)
Zanzibar Press Club (ZPC)
Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA)
Chama Cha Waandishi wa habari za Maendeleo Zanzibar (ZAWAMAZA)


Chande Omar Prof Mwajabu Posi
Director of TVZ Director of the Institute of
P.O. Box 314 Journalism and Mass Comm (IJMC)
0773917519 University of Dar Es Salaam> Mobile 0784 613026

Ayub Rioba
Lecturer UDSM & MISA Chairman
P.O. Box 4067
0713 250594



29 11 2009


Name: Mohamed Ahmed Saleh

Place of Birth: Zanzibar, Tanzania

Address: 4 Square Théodore Judlin, 75015 Paris, France
Tel/Fax: (+33) 01 47 34 01 44 Mobile: (+33) 06 09 83 69 57

Academic Background:

Doctorate Candidate in Social Anthropology.

Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondies <> (Post-Graduate Diploma: First year of PhD.), Ecoles des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, (E.H.E.S.S), Paris; Field of Study: Social Anthropology and Ethnology, (1995).

Diplôme de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (equivalent to a Masters Degree), Paris; Field of Study: Social Anthropology and Ethnology, (1992).

Licence ès Sciences Sociales (B.A. degree in Social Sciences), Institut d’Etudes Sociales (I.E.S) de l’Institut Catholique de Paris, (1988).

Diplôme de l’Institut d’Etudes Sociales de l’Institut Catholique de Paris, (Diploma of the second year of University), Institut d’Etudes Sociales (I.E.S.) de l’Institut Catholique de Paris, (1986).

Diplôme de Langue et Civilisation Française (Diploma of French Language and Civilisation), Institut Catholique de Paris, (1982).

Primary and Secondary School Education: Zanzibar, Tanzania.

Academic Societies

Member (since 2000) of Academic Research Group: « Société des Africanistes », Musée du Quai Branly, Paris, France.

Member of ANR Swahili Research Group of University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France

Member (from 1996 to 2000) of Academic Research Group: G.D.R 115 of the National Centre for Scientific Research (C.N.R.S) “Plural Societies of Eastern Africa”, Paris, France.


English (written and spoken)
French (written and spoken)
Kiswahili (mother tongue)
Other Training:

Human Rights Course, Danish Centre for Human Rights, Copenhagen, Denmark, March 2000.

“Seminar on Self-Determination and Conflict Transformation/Resolution”, organised by Un-represented Nations and Peoples’ Organisation (UNPO) – Centre UNESCO de Catalunya – Pax Romana – Saami Council; United Nations, Geneva, July 2000.


“The Impact of Religious Knowledge and the Concept of Dini Wal Duniya in Urban Zanzibari Life-Style”, in Kjersti Larsen (Editor), Knowledge, Renewal and Religion (ISBN: 978-91-7106-635-0), Nordic African Institute, Upsalla, Sweden: 2009.

“Zanzibar au-delà des mers: l’importance de la diaspora insulaire” in Bernardie-Tahir Nathalie (ss.dir.), L’autre Zanzibar, Géographie d’une contre-insularité, Ades-Dymset-Ifra-Karthala, Pessac, Nairobi, Paris, 2008.

« Les Comoriens de Zanzibar et le culte des esprits kibuki malgaches » in Didier Nativel et Faranirina V. Rajaonah, Madagascar et l’Afrique – Des liens et des appartenances historiques, Karthala, Paris, 2007, p. 425-437.

« Les investissements des Zanzibaris à Kariakoo », in Bernard Calas, De Dar Es Salaam à Bongoland, Ades-Dymset-Ifra-Karthala, Pessac, Nairobi, Paris, 2006, p. 353-368.

“Going With the Times: Conflicting Swahili Norms and Values Today”, in Pat Caplan and Farouk Topan (editors), Swahili Modernity: identity, culture, and politics on the East Coast of Africa, Africa World Press, USA, 2004.

“Tolerance, Principal Foundation of Cosmopolitan Society of Zanzibar”: in Journal of Cultures of the World, UNESCO Centre of Catalunya, Barcelona, 2002.

“Various case studies”, in Annick Renaud-Coulon, Universités d’Entreprise et Instituts d’Entreprise: Evaluation et comparaison internationale, 3 volumes, Annick Renaud-Coulon Conseil, Paris, 2001.

“Various entries” on Tanzanian populations and languages, in Jean-Christophe Tamisier (ed.), Dictionnaire des Peuples : Sociétés d’Afrique, d’Amérique, d’Asie et d’Océanie, Larousse, Paris, 1998.

“L’enjeu des traditions dans la communauté comorienne de Zanzibar”, in Françoise Le Guennec-Coppens & David Parkin (editors), Autorité et pouvoir chez les Swahili, Karthala, Paris, 1998, p. 213-239.

“L’économie de Zanzibar”, in Colette Le Cour Grandmaison et Ariel Crozon (eds.), Zanzibar Aujourd’hui, Karthala-IFRA, Paris, 1998, p. 151-168.

“Portrait d’un pêcheur traditionnel Zanzibari” in Colette Le Cour Grandmaison et Ariel Crozon (eds.), Zanzibar Aujourd’hui, Karthala-IFRA, Paris, 1998, p. 237-239.

“Le concept de tolérance en Kiswahili : Patience, humilité et dépassement moral”, in Paul Siblot (coordinator), Dire la tolérance, UNESCO-Praxiling, UNESCO, 1997, p. 65-66.

“Zanzibar et le monde Swahili”, in Afrique contemporaine N° 177, January – March 1996, La documentation Française, Paris, p. 17-29.

“La communauté zanzibari d’origine comorienne. Premiers jalons d’une recherche en cours”, in Islam et sociétés au sud du Sahara N° 9, November 1995, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (M.S.H), Paris, p. 203-210.

(Co-author with Salha Hamdani), Connaissez-vous la Tanzanie ?, Association des Amitiés Franco-Tanzaniennes, Paris, 1991.

Various articles for Urafiki-Tanzania: published quarterly by the Franco-Tanzanian Friendship Association, Paris.

Book Reviews

Review of Pascal Baquez (collectés, traduits et présentés par), “Contes swahili de Kilwa : Hadithi za kiswahili kutoka Kilwa. Contes bilingues, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2000, (La Légende des Mondes), in Cahiers d’Etudes africaines, XLIII (3), 171, 2003 pp. 668-669.

Review of Michael N. Pearson’s book: “Port Cities and Intruders. The Swahili Coast, India, and Portugal in the Early Modern Era”, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1998, in the International Journal of African Historical Studies (IJAHS), Boston University, Volume 33, 1, 2000, p. 14-15.

Unpublished Works:

Le Développement de la Tanzanie : Rôle du Fonds Monétaire International <> et de la Banque Mondiale <>, (The Development of Tanzania: the role of the International Monetary Fund <> and the World Bank <>), Paris: 1986, 112 pages (Thesis for Diploma at the Institute of Social Studies, Catholic Institute, Paris).

Les Pêcheurs de Zanzibar : Transformations socio-économiques et permanence d’un système de représentation, (The Fishermen in Zanzibar: Socio-Economic Transformations and Continuity of a system of representation <>), Paris, 1995, 114 pages (Thesis for Post-Graduate Diploma, 1st year of PhD., <>, at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (E.H.E.S.S); Field of Study: Social Anthropology and Ethnology).


Antopologando, convegno international sull’origine della favola, 26, March 2009. Presented a paper «Kibuki Spirits: Therapy and Social Mobility in Zanzibar and among the Swahili», Pesaro, Italy,

Round-table: Swahili VII: Past and Present of Swahili Trans-Local Connections Within and Between Boundaries. 11 May – 13 May 2007. Presented a paper «Swahili Elites and the Concept of Long Distance Nationalism within the Diaspora », University of Urbino, Italy.

Round-table: Swahili VI: Knowledge, Renewal and Religion. 31 March – 02 April 2005. Presented a paper «Religious Knowledge and the Conceptualisation of Zanzibari Urban Lifestyle», Museum and University of Oslo, Norway.

Round-table: Africa and Madagascar, November 2004: Presented a paper « Les Esprits Malgache entre le basin de l’océan Indien et l’Arabie », University of Paris – Tolbiac.

Anglo-French Round Table, Swahili V: The Swahili and Modernity, 13 – 15 September 2001. Presented a paper ‘Going With Times’: Conflicting Swahili Norms and Values in Zanzibar Today, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

International Conference on Discrimination and Toleration, organized by the Danish Centre for Human Rights, University of Copenhagen, 7-9 May 2000.

International Colloquium: The Problematic of Research in the Context of Development of Island countries, 27-29 January 1999, Moroni, Comoros. The Conference was organized by the National Centre for Documentation and Scientific Research (CNDRS) of Comoros. Presented a paper on The Role of Diaspora in the Development of Island Countries.

The Northwestern Indian Ocean as a Cultural Corridor, 17-19 January 1997, Stockholm, organized by the Department of Social Anthropology, University of Stockholm. Presented a paper on The Zanzibari Diaspora.

West Indian Ocean Regional Workshop on Social and Cultural Aspects of Integrated Coastal Zone Management, 9-12 October 1995, Bwawani Plaza International Hotel, Zanzibar. The Workshop was organized by the development Studies Unit, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Stockholm, in collaboration with the Institute of Marine Science (I.M.S.) and the Department of Sociology, University of Dar Es Salaam, under the sponsorship of the Division of Research (SAREC) of the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA). Presented a paper on the traditional fishing communities in Zanzibar.

Anglo-French Round Table, Swahili IV: Autorité et pouvoir dans les sociétés côtières de l’Afrique orientale, 30 March – 1 April 1995. Presented a paper on “l’Enjeu des traditions dans la communauté comorienne de Zanzibar, Paris.

International Conference on the History and Culture of Zanzibar: 14-16 December 1992. Presented a paper on “The Impact of Changing Conditions on the Fishing Industry in Zanzibar”, Zanzibar.

Professional Experience:

2002 (ongoing): – Investment, Trade and Tourism Promotion Officer, Trade Office, Embassy of Namibia, France.

2006 – Consultant-Coordinator in the preparation and the realisation of Thalassa TV programme set “une saison dans les îles”, in Zanzibar for the French National Television (France 3).

2002 – Consultant: Comparative Study on Sustainable Development Education (ESD) in secondary level technical and vocational schools (TVS) in 20 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Division of Secondary, Technical and Vocational Education (UNESCO): preparation for the planned development of a training module on environmental issues.

– Consultant-Coordinator in the preparation and production of a documentary film on Antigua and Montserrat (British West Indies) in the context of Escale dans les petits Antilles) for the TV programme “Thalassa”, for the French National Television (France 3).

2001 – Expert-Consultant in the conception and production of a documentary film on Zanzibar (Escale à Zanzibar) for the TV programme “Thalassa”, for the French National Television (France 3).

2000 – 2001 – Programme Officer in the context of International Survey on Corporate Universities and Institutes, for the Consultancy Firm “Conseil Plus”, France.

– Consultant in the conception and presentation of a radio programme on Zanzibar in the context of “Mémoire d’un continent” (Memory of a continent: Africa), for Radio France Internationale (RFI), France.

1997 – Consultant: Pre-evaluation, desk study, of the UNESCO Field Offices in the Arab States Region for the Central Programme Evaluation Unit (BPE/CEU, UNESCO), providing a compilation and analysis of statistical data.

– Researcher: Research work for the Department of Dictionaries and Encyclopaedias, Larousse-Bordas, Paris, France. Compiling and analysing socio-economic and political data on various ethnic/linguistic groups towards the elaboration of a dictionary: “Dictionnaire des Peuples” (Dictionary of Peoples).

– Researcher: Field research in the context of the French Institute for Research in Africa (IFRA) project “Dar Es Salaam entre la maison et l’espace monde : intégrations et territorialisations”, with the purpose of studying the investments of Zanzibaris in the Kariakoo area of Dar Es Salaam.

1996 – Consultant: Pre-evaluation, desk study, of the UNESCO field offices in Africa for the Central Programme Evaluation Unit (BPE/CEU, UNESCO), collecting quantitative and qualitative information on all UNESCO field offices in Africa, as well as providing a synthesis of UNESCO’s general policy and programme trends in Africa.

1993 – Researcher: Field research in the context of the French Institute for Research in Africa (IFRA) Project “Contemporary Zanzibar”, with the purpose of studying the historical relationship between Zanzibar and the Comoros islands. The mission consisted of oral and archival data collection exercises among the Zanzibaris of Comorian origin and at the Zanzibar National Archives.

– Worked in the Documentation Service during the 27th session of the UNESCO General Conference at the UNESCO Headquarters, Paris.

1992 – A short-term field observation on fishing and traditional fishing communities, as well as on seaweed production activities along the East Coast of Zanzibar. The project was financed by the French Institute for Research in Africa (IFRA).

– Documentation Service (Press Desk), during the 2nd session of the UNCTAD’s Conference on the Least Developed Countries, at the UNESCO Headquarters, Paris.

1982-1989 – Short term contracts, temporary assistance, for the Secretariat of Department Industry and Environment of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Paris.

Dk Salim: Ukiona nchi ina matatizo, wa kulaumiwa ni viongozi

26 11 2009

Na Hawra Shamte

JITIHADA mbalimbali zinafanyika kuhakikisha kuwa nchi za Kiafrika zinafuata utawala wa sheria na pia kuzingatia haki za binadamu. Mbali na nchi wahisani, nchi zilizoendelea na hata mashirika ya umoja wa mataifa kusisitiza umuhimu wa utawala wa sheria na haki za binadamu, zipo taasisi huru zilizo ndani ya nchi za Kiafrika ambazo nazo zinashajiisha kuwepo kwa utawala bora katika nchi za Afrika.

Mojawapo ya asasi za namna hiyo ni taasisi ya Mo Ibrahim ambayo mwanzilishi wake ni Dk Mohamed Ibrahim mzaliwa wa Sudan na tajiri aliyejikita katika masuala ya mawasiliano.

Mjumbe wa bodi ya taasisi ya Mo Ibrahim, Dk Salim Ahmed Salim anasema tatizo la nchi nyingi za Afrika ni ukosefu wa Utawala Bora, katika Makala hii, Katibu Mkuu wa zamani wa Umoja wa Nchi za Afrika (OAU) Dk Salim aliyezungumza na mwandishi wetu HAWRA SHAMTE anaeleza jinsi ukosefu wa utawala bora unavyokinza demokrasia Barani Afrika…

Swali: Bara la Afrika linakabiliwa na matatizo mengi ya kivita, ya kiuchumi, ya kisiasa na ya kijamii. Mwasisi wa taasisi ya Mo Ibrahim, Dk Mohamed Ibrahim, raia wa Sudan hivi karibuni alizungumza katika mkutano uliofanyika jijini Dar es Salaam na kusema kwamba tatizo kubwa la nchi za Kiafrika ni ukosefu wa utawala bora, lakini dhana ya utawala bora ni pana sana, je, wewe unazungumza nini kuhusu dhana hii?

Jibu:Hakuna asiyetambua kuwa Bara hili lina nyenzo nyingi sana, lina kila aina ya mali, rasilimali yetu kubwa kuliko zote ni watu wetu ambao wanafanyakazi usiku na mchana tena katika mazingira magumu. Kuna kila aina ya madini katika Bara letu, dhahabu almasi na kadhalika, pamoja na hayo tuna mafuta pia katika Bara letu. Kuna ardhi kubwa sana katika Afrika, kuna mito na maziwa ya kila aina lakini bado nchi zetu, watu wetu ndio wenye umasikini kuliko watu wote duniani.

Kwanini inakuwa hivyo? Kwa kweli hii inatokana na uongozi, kwa hiyo suala la uongozi bora ni suala la msingi, pale ambapo uongozi wa nchi umekuwa na uwezo wa kuhakikisha kwamba wanashughulikia maslahi ya watu wao, kunakuwa na tofauti kubwa. Katika utoaji zawadi kwa viongozi bora, mchakato unaofanywa na taasisi ya Mo Ibrahim tunaangalia kiongozi alifanya nini kuboresha hali ya watu wake wakati akiwa madarakani. Bara letu lina matatizo ya kiuchumi, lina matatizo ya rushwa kubwa sana, lina matatizo ya vita vya wenyewe kwa wenyewe, lina matatizo ya uvunjaji wa haki za binadamu.

Taasisi ya Mo Ibrahim inachofanya ni kusaidia mchakato wa kidemokrasia na utawala bora, kwani si kweli kama bara la Afrika ni matatizo tu, si kweli kwamba kila nchi ya Afrika inanuka rushwa. Kwa kweli kuna juhudi kubwa zinafanyika katika bara letu na mchakato wa kidemokrasia umepiga hatua nzuri pamoja na kwamba mwaka jana na mwaka huu tumepata misukosuko kidogo; matukio ya Guinea kwa mfano ambako wananchi wanauliwa na utawala wa kijeshi, matukio ya Mauritania, matukio ya Guinea Bissau na halafu zaidi matukio ya Somali na matukio ya Sudan.

Kwa mfano Sudan siyo suala la Darfur tu lakini ni nini mustakabali wa Sudan na nini itakuwa taathira ya mambo yanayotokea Sudan kwa bara letu la Afrika. Kote unapoona kunakuwa na matatizo, kwa kweli wa kulaumiwa kwanza ni uongozi. Pale panapokuwa na uongozi safi, unaojitolea, uongozi usioshiriki ufisadi, uongozi unaojali zaidi maslahi ya watu wake, gurudumu la maendeleo linasonga mbele. Lakini, pale ambapo viongozi wanajilimbikizia mapesa, wanafanya mambo ya kidikteta na kadhalika, nchi hiyo hata ikiwa na nyenzo vipi haiwezi kwenda mbele.

Swali: Umeeleza kuwa katika maeneo yenye matatizo kama vile ya kivita ni ukosefu wa uongozi, lakini je, nchi kama Somalia ambayo wanapigana wenyewe kwa wenyewe na mpaka sasa inaitwa nchi isiyokuwa na dola je, tatizo ni hilo tu la kukosa uongozi bora?

Jibu:Ukitazama sana matatizo ya Somalia utaona kuwa ni ukosefu wa uongozi. Wanaopigana Somalia hivi sasa ni watu na wanaopata matatizo makubwa ni wananchi wa kawaida. Majemedari wa kivita ni viongozi mbalimbali wa Somalia na hawa walichofanya ni kuweka maslahi yao mbele kuliko maslahi ya watu wao. Kama kuna nchi ya Kiafrika ambayo haikutegemewa kuwa na matatizo kama haya ilikuwa ni Somalia kwa sababu ni nchi ambayo watu wake wana dini, moja, wana utamaduni mmoja na wanazungumza lugha moja; isingetegemewa kuwa watu kama hao itatokea siku watapigana wenyewe kwa wenyewe, familia moja inaua familia nyingine.

Tatizo la Somalia ni ukosefu wa uongozi bora unaofikiria maslahi ya watu wake, lakini tatizo hilo si la Somalia tu, tazama Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasi ya Kongo (DRC) ni nchi moja ambayo pakiwa na utulivu, pakiendeshwa utawala bora itakuwa ni chachu ya maendeleo siyo ya Kongo tu bali ya sehemu kubwa sana ya Bara la Afrika. Lakini Kongo haikupata amani kwa muda mrefu sana, ingawa hivi sasa Rais Kabila anajitahidi kujaribu kuleta amani kwa kiwango kikubwa lakini bado kuna vita vya wenyewe kwa wenyewe, bado kuna watu wanafikiria maslahi yao, namna gani ya kupata fedha kwa njia za haramu kuwa ni jambo kubwa zaidi kuliko jambo jengine.

Swali: Unafikiri ni nini suluhisho la matatizo haya?

Jibu: Sidhani kama unaweza kuwa na suluhisho la namna moja kwa sababu kila pahala na mazingira yake. Chukulia Somalia kwa mfano, Somalia kuna Al Shabab, hawa wanasema wao ndio Waislam safi na wanataka kuleta Uislam, lakini ni upuuzi mtupu, kwa sababu haiwezekani kuwa brandi yako tu ya Uislam ndiyo iwe bora kuliko nyingine hufiki mbali. Lakini pia Somalia ilipuuzwa, baada ya matatizo yaliyotokea Mogadishu wakati wa Jenerali Aideed na Marekani kupata msukosuko; wanajeshi wa Kimarekani waliingia kwa dhamira ya kutoa misaada ya kibinadamu ‘humanitarian’ halafu humanitarian ikabadilika wakaanza kuingia katika mapambano, askari wa Kimarekani wakauliwa katika helikopta yao na wakaburutwa; toka wakati ule Marekani iliitenga kabisa Somalia. Nakumbuka nilipokuwa Katibu Mkuu wa Umoja wa Afrika, nikienda Marekani naweza kuzungumza tatizo lolote lakini si Somalia, ilikuwa ukitaja Somalia wanakwambia achana nao hao.

Kwa hivyo ni nchi ambayo ilitengwa, Marekani waliitenga lakini na jamii kubwa pia waliitenga, tukaiachia inaendelea kuteketea. Jingine ni kuwa viongozi wa nchi ile wakaanza kugawana; Somalia iliyokuwa jamii moja, wakaanza kugawana sasa kuna makabila, ukoo, familia na kadhalika. Ingawa hivi sasa Somalia kuna juhudi zinafanyika lakini juhudi zozote zinazofanyika lazima waishirikishe Al Shabab. Huwezi kupata ufumbuzi wa kivita pale lazima pawe na mazungumzo ya dhati kabisa.

Kwa DRC juhudi kubwa imefanyika, hali iliyoko DRC sasa hivi tofauti sana na miaka mitatu, minne, mitano iliyopita; lakini, bado kuna matatizo Mashariki ya Kongo. Kwanini? Moja ya matatizo yetu katika Bara letu, imekuwa hizi rasilimali tulizonazo, nyenzo tulizonazo, madini tuliyonayo baada ya kuwa faida kwa watu wetu imekuwa kama ni dhambi, kama ni laana, sasa inakuwa pale palipo na mafuta matatizo, palipo almasi matatizo, palipo dhahabu matatizo. Mimi nadhani changamoto kubwa ya Bara letu ni namna gani ya kugeuza hizi rasilimali, hizi nyenzo tulizonazo, baada ya kuwa ni sehemu ya matatizo iwe ni sehemu ya kuleta maendeleo kwa Bara zima na kwa manufaa ya watu wetu.

Kwa upande wa Sudan kwanza tatizo lilikuwa baina ya Kaskazini na Kusini; vita viliendelea kwa muda mrefu sana na watu wengi walifariki. Takwimu zinasema watu kama milioni nne walifariki katika vita vya wenyewe kwa wenyewe baina ya Kaskazini mwa Sudan na Kusini mwa Sudan. Mwaka 2005 yakapatikana makubaliano ya kijumla (Comprehensive agreement).

Halafu kuna suala la Darfur; huko nako kuna matatizo makubwa, mpaka hivi sasa juhudi zilizofanyika kujaribu kutanzua hazijafanikiwa. Lakini, hivi sasa hali ya Sudan imekuwa ngumu zaidi na mimi binafsi inanitisha kidogo; inanitisha kwa sababu siyo tu suala la Darfur lakini kuna uwezekano wa kuwa na fujo zaidi kama ndugu zetu wa serikali ya Sudan ya Kaskazini na ndugu zetu wa SPLM hawakuwa na makubaliano ili kura ya maoni ya mwaka 2011 ikafanyika katika mazingira mazuri na halafu wakaheshimu matokeo ya kura ile.

Tatizo lililopo hivi sasa inaonyesha kuwa badala ya kuwa na umoja wa Sudan kuna uwezekano kuwa watu wengine wakataka kujitenga. Najua kama kuna watu wengine wanafurahia kujitenga, wanasema kujitenga ni nzuri, lakini ukianza suala la kujitenga katika Bara letu na hasa katika nchi kubwa kama Sudan kuna taathira zinazoweza kutokea siyo tu ndani ya Sudan lakini pia katika majirani wa Sudan.

Kwa hiyo, mimi nafikiri hili jambo la Sudan kwa sasa Jumuiya ya Kimataifa na hasa nchi za Kiafrika zinapaswa kulipa uzito wake na kujaribu kuhakikisha kwamba katika huu muda uliobakia kila jitihada zinafanywa ili kuwafanya wananchi wa Sudan wajione kuwa ni wamoja na hasa ambao wanahisi kwamba wameonewa. Tatizo kubwa la Sudan ni kwamba wananchi walio katika pembezoni wanahisi kwamba wametengwa (siyo kama hawana sababu) na maslahi yote na maendeleo yote yanatokea katika sehemu moja tu ya Sudan.

Jambo moja ambalo linaweza kuwa zuri ni kujaribu kuibana serikali ya Sudan kuzungumza na ndugu zetu wa SPLM waandae mazingira ili wananchi wa Kusini mwa Sudan watakaopiga kura waseme kwamba jamani tuhakikishe hili suala la umoja linapatikana.

Lakini, kama hilo halipatikani basi angalau waandae mazingira ya kuwa huo mchakato wa kura za maoni uwe wa amani na wakubaliane na mapema kama kuna kura ya maoni likitokea hili tutafanya nini; lisiachwe tu kama bomu likapasuka kwa sababu kama hakuna hivyo kuna hatari kabisa kwamba ufikapo mwaka 2011 bila mawasiliano, bila mapatano na bila ushirikiano, hali ya Sudan ikaendelea kuwa tete na inapoendelea kuwa tete haitokuwa tu Kusini mwa Sudan lakini itaathiri pia sehemu mbalimbali za Sudan ambazo pia zina matatizo yake, Darfur, Kordufan, Blue Nile na kadhalika.

Swali: Kumezuka mtindo mwengine wa demokrasia Barani Afrika; sasa hivi demokrasia mbali ya kuwa ni mchakato wa uchaguzi lakini mwisho wa siku inabidi lazima watu wakae katika meza za majadiliano. Na zimezuka hizi serikali za mseto kama Kenya na Zimbabwe, je, nini maoni yako kuhusu hilo?

Jibu: Kila sehemu ina mazingira yake maalum. Demokrasia maana yake ni kwamba wananchi wenyewe wawezeshwe kuchagua viongozi wao na namna serikali wanayoihitaji na serikali hiyo iwaongoze kwa muda gani na wawe na uwezo wa kubadilisha viongozi wao muda ule unapofika. Lakini, mazingira yatofautiana, kwa mfano; katika Kenya baada ya mauaji yaliyotokea mara baada ya uchaguzi wa mwaka 2007 na kuleta taathira kubwa kwa maendeleo ya Kenya kulikuwa na umuhimu wa kutafuta usuluhishi na mawasiliano na maafikiano ya namna fulani, kwa hivyo serikali ya mseto iliyoundwa Kenya, ilikuwa na madhumuni hayo. Ukitazama mazingira yalivyokuwa, ukawa mkaidi tu ukasema hakuna haja ya kuwa na serikali ya pamoja kwa kweli unakosea, unawatakia ndugu zetu wa Kenya waendelee katika maafa tu.

Zimbabwe kidogo tofauti na Kenya, lakini kama wenyewe wamekubaliana, tunapaswa kuheshimu makubaliano. Ukitazama uchaguzi wa Zimbabwe ulivyokwenda, Chama cha MDC katika uchaguzi wa wabunge kilishinda, suala lilikuwa je, uchaguzi wa Rais ulikuwaje? Bahati mbaya mazingira hayakuwa yanaruhusu kufanya uchaguzi ambao ungekuwa huru na wa haki. Kwa hivyo, katika mazingira kama hayo, mimi nadhani ilikuwa ni busara kujaribu kuwakutanisha viongozi ili waweze kuona jinsi ya kuwa na muundo wa serikali ambao utazingatia maslahi ya watu wote wa Zimbabwe.

Na pamoja na kuwa bado kuna matatizo nchini Zimbabwe, lakini nadhani hilo lilikuwa ni jambo la busara. Mimi nadhani pale ambapo kuna ushindani mkubwa sana wa kisiasa na ambapo bado watu hawajaweza kustahmiliana na kuweza kujua kuwa wewe unaweza ukawa chama fulani, mimi nikawa katika chama kingine, hata katika familia moja; baba akawa chama fulani, mama akawa chama kingine na watoto wakawa chama kingine na mkaendelea katika familia bila matatizo. Pale ambapo ustahmilivu kama huo haupo, ni muhimu sana kufanya utaratibu wa kushirikisha watu wote katika utawala. Vinginevyo utaendelea katika mapambano tu; na panapo mapambano ni muhali kupata maendeleo ya kudumu ya kiuchumi.

Chanzo: Mwananchi

Nani ana sauti ya mwisho Zanzibar?

26 11 2009

MWAFAKA wa kumaliza mtafaruku na vurugu za kisiasa visiwani Zanzibar uliofikiwa hivi karibuni baina ya Rais wa Serikali ya Mapinduzi Zanzibar (SMZ), Amani Karume na Katibu Mkuu wa Chama cha Wananchi (CUF), Maalim Seif Sharif Hamad sasa unaingia majaribu baada ya baadhi ya mawaziri kujitokeza hadharani kupinga uwezekano wa kuwepo Serikali ya Mseto.

Baada ya makubaliano, Maalim Seif aliwatangazia wafuasi wa CUF kwamba, chama hicho kimemtambua Karume kuwa Rais wa Zanzibar ili kumaliza mgogoro wa muda mrefu uliokuwepo baina ya pande hizo mbili na kurejesha amani na umoja wa Wazanzibari; hali ambayo ilitafsiriwa na baadhi ya wachambuzi wa kisiasa kuwa ni muelekeo wa kuwa na Serikali ya Mseto visiwani humo. Baadaye Karume alikiagiza chama cha CUF kumtumia majina ya watu wawili ili awape ujumbe wa mabaraza ya wawakilishi tangu chama hicho kilipokataa.

Wiki iliyopita Rais Karume alisema suala la kuwa na Serikali ya Mseto liko mikononi mwa Wazanzibari; kauli ambayo ilizua mjadala mkali huku baadhi ya watu wakisema CUF imeingia mkenge kama ilivyotokea huko nyuma. Mengi yamesemwa kuhusu mashaka yaliyopo juu ya makubaliano ya Karume na Seif kuhusu suala hilo kwa sababu yamegubikwa na usiri mkubwa; huku Mwenyekiti wa CUF, Profesa Ibarahim Lipumba akionyesha mashaka kwamba, huenda wameingizwa mkenge kwa sababu makubaliano hayo yalifanyika kwa mdomo (hayakuandikwa popote).

Wakati watu wakitafakari juu ya hali itakavyokuwa kwa Wazanzibari na hasa CUF wakiota kupata Serikali ya Mseto mwakani kama ushindani utakuwa kama miaka yote, wameibuka mawaziri wawili mmoja wa SMZ na mwingine wa muungano, ambao kwa nyakati tofauti walisema hadharani kwamba, Serikali ya mseto si muhimu visiwani humo.

Juzi Naibu Waziri Kiongozi , Ali Hassan Shamhuna na Waziri wa Nchi, Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu (Masuala ya Muungano), Sief Khatib ambaye anatajwa kuwemo katika orodha ya wanaowania urais wa Zanzibar mwakani, walisema Zanzibar haihitaji Serikali ya mseto na kwamba hayo siyo maamuzi ya CCM.

Shamhuna ambaye pia ni Waziri wa Habari wa SMZ alisema Zanzibar haihitaji Serikali ya mseto wala ya Umoja wa Kitaifa; kinachotakiwa ni kujenga utamaduni wa kukubali matokeo ya uchaguzi kwa kushinda ama kushindwa. Hii inamaanisha kwamba, utaratibu wa sasa uendelee hata kama mshindi atapatikana kwa tofauti ya kura moja.

Naye Khatib aliwaambia Wazanzibari kisiwani Pemba katika mkutano wa hadhara kuwa umoja wa Wazanzibari hauhitaji kushirikishwa chama kingine chochote, kwa sababu CCM peke yake inaweza kuweka umoja na mshikamano kwa vile ndiyo sera ya chama hicho.

Kwa ujumla kauli hizo zinachanganya na kubainisha kwamba, SMZ na CCM hawakubaliani na yaliyofikiwa na kina Maalim Seif na Karume katika kutatua tatizo la mvutano uliopo visiwani humo ambao umesababisha kudorora kwa maendeleo katika baadhi ya maeneo na kuwepo uhasama baina ya wananchi wa visiwani uliosababishwa na tofauti za kisiasa.

Kama ambavyo jumuiya ya kimataifa imeridhishwa na hatua iliyofikiwa; tulidhani kuna kila sababu kwa viongozi wa serikali kuwa mstari wa mbele kusimamia suala hilo. Cha kushangaza ni kwamba, Naibu Waziri Kiongozi anapingana na Rais wake, ambaye alimteua katika wadhifa huo! Au anataka kutuambia kwamba, rais amemtuma kueleza hilo ili asionekane kigeugeu?

Kwa ujumla tumeshangazwa na tabia za viongozi wetu kutoheshimu itifaki katika kuyatolea maelezo mambo yaliyosemwa na viongozi wa juu yao. Tunashindwa kuelewa kuwa nani ni mkubwa na mipaka ya wasaidizi wa rais ni ipi? Haiwezekani katika nchi ambayo kuna mfumo rasmi wa uongozi, kila mtu aseme lake. Kwa ujumla rais anapotoa tamko, viongozi wengine hawawezi kusema tofauti hata kama wanapinga.

Chanzo: Mwananchi, 26 Nov. 2009

Ministers: No room for coalition government in Zanzibar

26 11 2009

By Salma Said, Zanzibar

Two senior Zanzibari ministers have poured cold water on the prospects of forming a government of national unity in Zanzibar, following the recently improved relations with the opposition Civic United Front (CUF). Speaking on separate occasions, the Zanzibar Deputy Chief Minister, Mr Ali Juma Shamhuna, and the State Minister in the Vice-President’s Office (Union), Mr Mohammed Seif Khatib, opposed the idea of setting up a coalition government.

Their controversial views come in the wake of President Amani Abeid Karume’s much-praised ice-breaking meeting with his long-time political rival, CUF supremo Maalim Seif Shariff Hamad, at State House, Zanzibar, during which they agreed to set aside their differences and open a new political chapter of national reconciliation.

Though President Karume and Mr Hamad have not categorically stated that forming a unity government is one of the issues they agreed on at their landmark meeting, many people have praised both men and called on them to form a coalition as a means to end the long-term political standoff in the Isles.

Following, the first meeting between the two key leaders in many years, CUF secretary general Hamad addressed public rallies and announced that his party had decided to formally recognise President Karume, who defeated him in the last two hotly disputed General Elections.

Those in favour of a unity government in Zanzibar, include a former Prime Minister and long-serving international diplomat, Dr Salim Ahmed Salim, a Chama Cha Mapinduzi deputy national chairman (Mainland), Mr Pius Msekwa, the registrar of political parties, Mr John Tendwa, and the East African Community (EAC) secretary general, Mr Juma Mapachu. They all said a coalition government was the answer to Zanzibar’s political problems.

But yesterday, Mr Shamhuna, who is also the Isles’ minister for Information and Sports, said during a radio interview that Zanzibar did not need a unity government, as that would not solve its current problems. What was needed in Zanzibar, he said, was to nurture a culture of accepting defeat in elections.

“Zanzibar does not need a coalition government or a government of national unity. The most important thing is for us to promote the culture of accepting defeat after election results are announced. If we build that culture we will be able to work with any president that is elected,” he told the Zenj FM interviewer.

For his part, Mr Khatib said in Pemba earlier this week that CCM did not need to merge with any other party to ensure unity among Zanzibaris. He said only the ruling party could assure the Zanzibaris of unity, “as this is its national policy”.

Mr Shamhuna said Zanzibaris should elect people who would deliver the goods, and that those defeated should learn to accept defeat and cooperate with the government in power. “If we form a coalition government thinking that will be the solution to our problems, we will be wasting time, as what ails us is selfishness and lack of a sense of nationhood”, he declared. As long as politicians continued to pursue their personal interests, no lasting solution to the problems in Zanzibar would be found.

“The solution is to do away with selfishness. We don’t need speeches or meetings in order to do that,” said the deputy Chief Minister who has been mentioned as being among those eyeing the Zanzibar presidency next year. Mr Karume will not be seeking re-election, as he will be completing his second and final five-year term.

Mr Shamhuna said: “It seems some people have forgotten that Zanzibar is a revolutionary country. Some take Zanzibar as a country of lazy people. People have forgotten that we gained our independence through a revolution.” He said a group of Zanzibar “hardliners” would still oppose even if another party won power in a democratic election.

Mr Khatib, who has also been mentioned as a potential presidential contender, said: “We do not need to work together with another party because only CCM can unite all Zanzibaris.” He said CCM members in Pemba had been tolerant despite being harassed and mistreated by their CUF counterparts.

“This is not small issue. You have continued to be loyal to CCM despite all the hardships you are facing. This proves that CCM can unite you without having to co-operate with any other party,” said Mr Khatib, in an address to CCM members in Pemba that was yesterday aired on Zenj FM, which he owns.

Commenting on who President Karume’s successor next year should be, Mr Shamhuna said: “Age does not matter. Zanzibar needs a person who can manage the country’s affairs and tackle the prevailing challenges. “Given where we have reached, when I am asked what kind of a President we need next year, my view is that we need a person who can manage Zanzibar well. We don’t necessarily need a young or old person,” he said. Such a leader, he added, should then pick his team on merit.

But, he said there was no need to include politicians from a rival party for supposed political reconciliation to be achieved. “We should pick people on merit and should not allow anyone to pressure us,” he said. He said there were three or four groups supporting those aspiring to take over leadership from President Karume.

“We have heard them say that if their person is not nominated they will not vote. Others want a youthful candidate. Some are talking about their turn to produce a president. We have heard all of them and I think there are three or four groups gunning for the presidency,” he said in a programme which was repeated several times.

But he argued that no one would be elected the Zanzibar President “because it is his turn or because he is young”. He added: “We are not going to yield to any pressure. Zanzibar will not elect a president on someone else’s whims.” He said the Zanzibar president should be a Zanzibari and it shouldn’t matter whether he’s from Unguja or Pemba.

Source: The Citizen 26 Nov. 2009, Dar es Salaam

What is Norway oiling in Zanzibar?

19 11 2009

By Chambi Chachage

Zanzibar is back on the national and international agenda. Of course it has always been on the agenda. But it’s a long time since it was such a mysterious agenda. For a whole week we have been treated with puzzling news. ‘What are Karume and Seif up to in Zanzibar? queried The Citizen. ‘Z’bar’s Strange Bedfellows’ quipped the Sunday Citizen.

What I found particularly surprising is not “the recent rare talks between Zanzibar’s erstwhile political foes, President Amani Abedi Karume and the opposition Civic United Front leader, Maalim Seif Shariff Hamad” (Sunday Citizen 15 November 2009). Why should I be shocked while I know if nothing, or anything, is not done now Zanzibar will explode? When? 2010!

Then what did I find surprising? Is it the claim that not even the ruling party let alone the presidency knew about the secrecy behind the meeting? Or is it the assertion that our friends in ‘war on terror’ and piracy are behind the new-found unity in Zanzibar? Could it be the oil factor?

Well, what I found intriguing is the energy that our partners in development, Norway, are putting on this agenda. I am particularly startled given the fact that the Ambassador himself has taken a lead on this. He has “been the busiest and most visible over Zanzibar” affirming that “Norway strongly encourages” Karume and Seif’s “efforts to bring lasting peace to Zanzibar” (Ibid).

Surely we know why Tanzanians or Zanzibaris need lasting peace in Zanzibar. But what about Norwegians? Why should they be interested in such peace? For the sake of humanity? Maybe.

The clue to why our friends in development are so interested in our peace is found in what they have been up to in the past week. Tellingly, their Minister for Environment and International Development was “the first international personality to send a congratulatory message, a few hours after news of the meeting emerged” (Ibid). The Ambassador even crossed the ocean to meet the President of Zanzibar. He also met the Minister responsible for Union Matters.
More tellingly the Norwegian Embassy “conducted two separate workshops for Members of the National Assembly, and the Zanzibar House of Representatives to sensitise them on oil exploration and drilling for an impending Bill on the matter” (Ibid). The possibility of oil discovery in Zanzibar has caused a lot of animosity between those who want its revenues to be shared as a Union Matter and those who don’t.

Why, then, is Norway so interested in this issue?

The official website of the Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC) at list 17 licensed Oil and Gas Exploration Companies that operates in Tanzania.

Out of these only one is from Norway. Its name is Statoil Asa. Ironically, it is not operating in Zanzibar. Rather, it is operating on what is refered to as Deep Sea Block Number 2.

On the map this block is close to Mtwara and Lindi. According to this company’s official website at its total area is “11,099 square kilometres, and it lies in water depths of between 400 and 3000 metres” off “the coast of Tanzania in the Indian Ocean.” If a Norwegian company is thus far removed from Zanzibar who then is really involved in Zanzibar?

Apparently the company that is operating in Zanzibar/Pemba is a Canadian one. It is known as Antrim Resources among other names. Shell International from Holland is also operating albeit in the Deep Sea Blocks Number 9, 10, 11 and 12 which, in a way, surrounds Zanzibar. As a matter of fact the whole on and off shore of the Indian Ocean in Tanzania is licensed for oil/gas exploration and companies from as far as Australia, Brazil and the United Kingdom are involved.

It is thus quite clear that there is an international scramble for oil and gas in this Eastern board of Tanzania/Africa. This, I contend, is the one of the main reasons why Norway is so interested in what is going on in Zanzibar. As history has taught us Zanzibar has always been a strategic area.

Commenting on this historical legacy, Abdulrahman Mohammed Babu said: “A country like Zanzibar was quite strategic in superpower manoeuvres because of its historic role in influencing events in the region.”

This is the Zanzibar that attracted a whole Empire to move its capital from Muscat into it. It’s the Zanzibar that is facing the shaky Middle East. It is a Zanzibar that is a corridor to Somalia, the new zone of piracy. Who wouldn’t want to control such a Zanzibar?

Surely Norway, as a country that has used oil among other resources to develop, wouldn’t want to be a loser in a battle for the soul of Zanzibar. Neither would ‘America’. Nor would Tanzania.

Source: The Citizen

Union:Zanzibaris to send their case to the ICJ

19 11 2009

A GROUP of Zanzibaris claiming that the current union was ‘unlawful,’ have vowed to fight-on for what they call ‘new union,’ by filing a case at the International Court of Justice, following UN response to their letter sent to the world body last May.

Mr Rashid Addy, the leader of the group told a press conference last week at the Information Centre (Habari Maelezo), that they were not pleased with the UN response to their demand from “UN to explain thoroughly about the foundation of the union between Zanzibar and Tanganyika.”

The group argues that the current union was illegal, accusing the UN, the Attorney Generals of Zanzibar and Mainland, Speakers of both Zanzibar and Mainland, the Chief Secretary of the Zanzibar Revolutionary Council and the union president for forcing the existence of the union. Mr Addy and his group, represented by a Kenyan advocate Japheth Chidzipha, wants the current union quashed to pave way for the new formation of the union.

“Zanzibar first president did not sign the union articles, the Zanzibar Revolutionary Council did not endorse the union and even there is no acceptable union constitution,” Addy argues.

In a reply to the Zanzibaris group, the UN’s Resident Co-ordinator in Tanzania, Mr Alberic Kacou, said, “the union between Zanzibar and Tanganyika in the United Nations stands as one sovereign country.”

“On 2nd November, 1964 the permanent mission of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar informed the secretary general that, ‘the united republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar shall, with immediate effect, be known as the United Republic of Tanzania,” the UN letter states.

Mr Addy told journalists in Zanzibar that his group was preparing to file the case at the Hague against the mentioned parties, for undermining Zanzibar before next year general elections, “we are planning to join the US and Britain in the case for allegedly baking the Tanzania union, he said” Similar case was filed at the Zanzibar High Court in 2005, but was dismissed in 2006 on technicalities.

However, the High Court judge at that time, Mr Mbarouk Salim, ruled that the Zanzibar AG office did not possess an original copy of the agreement for the union in April, 1964.

Source: Daily News